Conflicts of Commitment in Research UPPS No. 02.02.08
and Sponsored Program Activities Issue No. 1
Effective Date: 09/12/2011
May 1 E3Y
01. POLICY STATEMENTS
01.01 This policy relates to the participation of researchers (see Section 03. Definitions) in outside activities or employment that may conflict with their primary research commitment to the university and to its research mission.
01.02 Expansion of the research mission is a critical priority as Texas State University-San Marcos moves into the future. Promoting public good by fostering the transfer of knowledge gained through research to the private sector is vital to this mission.
01.03 Texas State recognizes and even encourages its researchers to be involved in professional and other outside activities (e. g., consulting, guest lecturing, serving in professional and community organizations, etc.) when such activities enhance the researcher’s professional competence, complement their teaching mission, contribute to their professional discipline, and do not conflict with their primary commitments to the university.
01.04 Texas State recognizes it is not practical or desirable to define strict time and location restrictions on how researchers meet their primary professional commitments due to the nature of university-related educational, research, service and related activities. It is expected, however, that researchers will arrange any external activities they may engage in so as not to interfere with their commitment to the university and to its research mission.
01.05 Thus, it may be necessary to disclose and question the extent of such involvement or the appropriateness of certain activities to determine if conflicts of commitment related to research and sponsored program activities exist. This policy provides guidance to individual researchers in identifying and avoiding possible problems in this area.
02. SCOPE OF POLICY
02.01 This policy is in conjunction with UPPS No. 04.04.06, Additional State Employment and Outside Employment and Activities but pertains only to conflicts of commitment in research and other sponsored activities.
02.02 The policy applies to all researchers and pertains to their university contract period (nine-month, twelve-month, or other) and the percent time the university pays them. When researchers have a less than twelve-month contract, the university does not concern itself with how those researchers spend the balance of their non-contract time, as long as it does not conflict with their obligations to the university and does not reflect unfavorably on the university.
02.03 Researchers may not direct more than 20% of their total professional effort to outside work during the time period that is normally required to meet the primary obligation.
02.04 As a rule, researchers should not take on substantial teaching or other commitments in another educational institution. Exceptions would include guest lecturing, participating in invited seminars, and similar activities.
02.05 Researchers should not engage in external activities that are not consistent with good professional practices; that impose restrictions on the freedom to publish university-based work; or involve any significant use of university facilities, materials, services, personnel, or restricted university information without specific advance written permission.
02.06 The chief research officer may appoint a university-wide committee to address specific concerns or other unique circumstances arising from conflicts of commitment in research and sponsored programs.
03.01 Chief Research Officer: An individual ultimately responsible for the oversight of funded and unfunded research and sponsored programs at Texas State. At Texas State, the chief research officer is the associate vice president for Research (AVPR).
03.02 Researcher: All individuals who are engaged in research, whether funded or unfunded, or in sponsored program activities. For the purposes of this policy, the term “researchers” refers to any Texas State faculty or staff member having direct responsibility for the design, conduct or reporting of funded or unfunded research or other sponsored program activities funded or proposed for funding by the federal government or other external funder.
03.03 Sponsored Programs: all extramurally-funded activities, including research, training, instruction or public service projects involving funds, materials, or other compensation from sources (sponsors) outside of Texas State, under a grant, contract or other agreement that meets any of the following conditions:
a. Texas State is bound to a line of scholarly or scientific inquiry specified to a substantial level of detail. Indications of such specificity are the plan, stipulation or requirements for orderly testing or validation of particular approaches, or the designation of performance targets;
b. The sponsor requires or the proposal submitted for consideration contains a line-item budget or modular budget. A line-item budget details expenses by activity, function, or project period. The designation of overhead (or indirect costs) qualifies a budget as the sponsor requires financial or programmatic reports;
c. The sponsor requires that the services performed, the funds awarded, or the materials supplied under the agreement are subject to internal and external audit; or
d. The agreement provides for the disposition of either tangible (e. g., equipment, records, technical reports, theses, or dissertations) or intangible (e. g., rights in data or inventions) properties that may result from activities covered by the agreement.
This section provides examples of activities that fall under this policy and may or may not require disclosure and mitigation. The examples below are general and given for the guidance of all concerned.
04.01 Activities consistent with guidelines that do not require advance permission:
a. Acceptance of royalties for published scholarly works or other writings, or of honoraria for commissioned papers and occasional lectures;
b. Service on committees or boards of organizations, public or private, which does not conflict with university obligations or create financial conflicts of interest;
c. Consulting with outside organizations or clients, provided that it does not conflict with obligations to the university or the practice or policy restrictions of the college involved and does not create financial conflicts of interest (see UPPS No. 02.02.07, Researcher Conflicts of Interest in Research and Sponsored Program Activities);
d. Ownership of or equity in a corporation used solely for the individual’s consulting activities, provided that the university does not have, and is not expected to enter into, a contract for services with said corporation, and the ownership does not create a financial conflict of interest (see UPPS No. 02.02.07, Researcher Conflicts of Interest in Research and Sponsored Program Activities);
e. Dissemination of scholarly and creative works including presentation of papers, lectures, concerts or exhibits; and
f. Participation in seminars, conferences, reviewing or editing scholarly publications and books and service to accreditation bodies.
04.02 Activities requiring examination on a case-by-case basis and advance approval. The activities in this section may also require disclosure of financial conflict of interest (see UPPS No. 02.02.07, Researcher Conflicts of Interest in Research and Sponsored Program Activities).
a. Service as a principal consultant or director of an outside concern, service as a consultant to a firm that in turn sponsors the researcher’s work, or related work at the university;
b. Relationships that might enable (or appear to enable) the researcher to influence the university's dealings with an outside organization in ways leading to personal gain or other conflicts of interest; and
c. Activities that appear to conflict with university policies governing research funded by an external agency and with funds administered by the university; and
*d. Assigning postdoctoral fellows or other trainees of similar status (excepting undergrad and grad students) to university projects sponsored by a for-profit or not-for-profit business, provided the arrangement is in compliance with UPPS No. 02.02.07, Researcher Conflicts of Interest in Research and Sponsored Program Activities
04.03 Activities that are probably unacceptable:
a. Attempts to mitigate researcher over commitment by directly or indirectly involving students in activities outside their normal academic pursuits;
b. Service involving executive responsibility for an outside concern working in areas related to the researcher member's professional activities;
c. Participating in research under university auspices involving technology owned by or contractually obligated (by license or exercise of an option to license or otherwise) to a business in which the individual or family member holds a significant financial interest (see UPPS No. 02.02.07, Researcher Conflicts of Interest in Research and Sponsored Program Activities), excluding a consulting relationship;
d. Receiving, through contract or grant, support for research under university auspices from a business in which the individual or family member has a significant financial interest (see UPPS No. 02.02.07, Researcher Conflicts of Interest in Research and Sponsored Program Activities);
e. Accepting support for research under university auspices under terms and conditions where results are confidential, unpublished, or significantly delayed in publication, other than the delay permitted for patents and copyrights;
*f. Assigning students or other trainees of similar status (excepting postdoctoral scholars) to university projects sponsored by a for-profit or not-for-profit business in which the individual or family member has a significant financial interest, including a significant consulting relationship (see UPPS No. 02.02.07, Researcher Conflicts of Interest in Research and Sponsored Program Activities); and
g. Situations where a research or service activity that could and ordinarily would be carried on within the university is conducted elsewhere to the disadvantage of the university and its legitimate interests.
05.01 Researchers must inform the chief research officer in writing before engaging in any significant outside professional activity as outlined in Sections 04.02 and 04.03 above. In addition, per UPPS No. 04.04.06, Additional State Employment and Outside Employment and Activities, it may also be necessary and appropriate for them to notify their department chair or other supervisor. An activity’s significance does not depend on the amount of time the activity involves. For example, a single guest lecture or a one-time consulting visit is not normally significant but a lecture series or an ongoing consulting relationship would be.
05.02. The chief research officer, the dean, and the researcher involved shall make their best efforts to resolve disputes regarding an activity’s propriety in a manner consistent with the shared mission of the department and the university.
05.03. If researchers engage in any activities explicit or implicit to Section 04.02 above, it is the responsibility of the researcher to comply with the policy and procedures outlined in the UPPS No. 02.02.07, Researcher Conflicts of Interest in Research and Sponsored Program Activities.
06.01 Texas State requires that all researchers will comply fully, truthfully and in a timely manner with this policy. Instances of deliberate breach will subject the researcher to disciplinary actions under policies of Texas State and The Texas State University System. Such action could result in a formal reprimand, non-renewal of appointment, termination of appointment or other enforcement action.
06.02 If a researcher’s failure to comply with this policy has biased the design, conduct or reporting of funded or unfunded research or sponsored program activities, Texas State will promptly notify the appropriate granting agency, sponsor, or other appropriate agency of the incident so they may take corrective action.
07. REQUIRED CHANGES
07.01 The university will change the policy and procedures set forth in this document as required by future changes in federal, state, The Texas State University System, or university regulations.
08. REVIEWERS OF THIS UPPS
08.01 Reviewers of this UPPS include the following:
Assistant Vice President for May 1 E3Y
Research and Federal Relations
Director, Office of Research May 1 E3Y
09. CERTIFICATION STATEMENT
This UPPS has been approved by the following individuals in their official capacities and represents Texas State policy and procedure from the date of this document until superseded.
Assistant Vice President for Research and Federal Relations; senior reviewer of this UPPS
Associate Vice President for Research and Director of Federal Relations
Provost and Vice President for Academic Affairs