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Romo's first book examines race relations in Brazilian state

By T.C. Sprencel
University News Service
April 22, 2010

Brazil's Living Museum


The University of North Carolina Press will release Anadelia Romo’s first book, Brazil’s Living Museum: Race, Reform, and Tradition in Bahia, this May.

The 240-page manuscript traces the evolution of Afro-Brazilian culture and how it has shaped the identity of Brazil’s northeastern state of Bahia.

Romo, assistant professor of history at Texas State University-San Marcos, specializes in Latin America and has committed much of her research to race relations in Brazil. A member of the Brazilian Studies Association (BRASA), the Latin American Studies Association (LASA) and the American History Association (AHA), Romo takes a multi-disciplinary approach to the idea of race in her forthcoming book.

“American historians have long looked to Brazil as an important comparison to our own troubled trajectory,” said Romo, citing that there were more Africans transported as slaves to Brazil than any other colony in the Americas.

Many outsiders have viewed Brazil as a model of racial harmony because the nation has never established segregation or formal racial controls. The state of Bahia, particularly, has been considered an area in which “such racial harmony was most evident,” said Romo.

“Although vast racial disparities now make it clear that the idea of harmony was more of a dreamy ideal than a reality, the construction of this ideal has not been fully traced in the historical record,” Romo said. “My book undertakes this project.”

The book will be available through the University of North Carolina Press,

For more information, please contact Anadelia Romo via email at