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Poster Abstracts

Friday, April 26 1-4PM - LBJ Ballroom

Poster Session

Below is a list of poster abstracts that will be presented at this year's Undergraduate Research Conference. Please note that posters must be 42" x 36".

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  • First Presenter: Nathan Beasley, Political Science 

    Research about the influence of Kanye West on the 21st century music industry is largely divided into two sectors. The first, being his musical genius, largely focused on albums produced in the last decade, such as “My Beautiful Dark Twisted Fantasy 2010.” The second focus usually is on his narcissistic and egotistic attitude. My research presents how Mr. West’s musical genius and egotistic personality are connected and how their blending created some of the most influential music that connects with the modern 21st century aesthete. To present this connection, I provide lyrical analyses of Kanye’s most popular albums and compare these albums by providing public perception accounts from social media outlets on Mr. West during the production of these albums. In addition to this, I add Mr. West’s personal perceptions from interviews and media outlets from the same time period. I provide these perceptions by grouping together high volume social media posts and other media written or produced to share similarly themed perceptions or phrases. I do this with the intention of presenting how Kanye West lyrics and musical production directly reflect the public image he created for himself and how this created a new form of music that characterizes the style of musical composition that we hear in 21st century popular music, specifically the incorporation of blending multiple themes of music to create a diverse style. 


     

    Bibliography


    Bailey, Julius. The Cultural Impact of Kanye West. New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2014.

    Fountoulakis, Kostas N. Bipolar Disorder an Evidence-Based Guide to Manic Depression. ---- ----------Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer Berlin Heidelberg, 2015.

    Horwitz, Allan V. Anxiety: A Short History. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 2013.
    Walker, Kirk. “My Beautiful Dark Twisted Fantasy.” Review of Kanye West's My Beautiful Dark Twisted Fantasy (33 1/3).
    West, Donda, and Karen Hunter. Raising Kanye: Life Lessons from the Mother of a Hip-hop      -------Superstar. New York: Pocket Books, 2007.

    Woods, Alyssa. “West Kanye.”  Grove Music Online. 2016. http://www.oxfordmusiconline.com/grovemusic/view/10.1093/gmo/9781561592630.001.0001/omo-9781561592630-e-1002289702 (accessed on 24 March 2019).
     

  • First Presenter: Deja Guerra, Exercise & Sports Science

    Co-Presenters: Katie Greer, Mariana Garcia, Rachel Stone, Stan Kanu

    This project presents a community health needs assessment to identify, analyze and prioritize the health needs of Galveston County, Texas as a part of the PRECEDE-PROCEED program planning model. The Galveston County research team conducted a social needs assessment to evaluate the demographic, socioeconomic, and quality of life indicators impacting health outcomes. Then, the team conducted an epidemiological assessment measuring and evaluating natality, mortality, morbidity, and trauma indicators. 

    Method.  Secondary data were collected from publicly-available state and federal databases. Data tables were created to illustrate the health discrepancies between Galveston County, Public Health Region 6, Texas, and the U.S. The research team conducted comparative analyses to highlight the differences between Galveston County and its respective regions. 

    Results. Galveston County teens (2.5%) were disproportionately more likely to become pregnant than their peers in Public Health Region 6 (2.3%) in 2014. Additionally,  non- Hispanic Black (4.8%) and White (1.9%) teens were more likely to become pregnant than their Hispanic and “other” peers. Residents were also at a proportionally higher likelihood of contracting Chlamydia than those in Texas by 109%.  

    Discussion.  Given the higher teen pregnancy rates in Galveston County, the predominant health issue selected is teen pregnancy. Further research into the predisposing, reinforcing, and enabling factors related to teen pregnancy is recommended as the foundation of a health promotion program.

  • First Presenter: Thomas Mireles, Biology 

    ABCC4 is a protein that transports molecules out of cells, including the cell-signaling molecule cyclic adenosine monophosphate (cAMP). In mammals, cAMP accumulates in photoreceptors in the dark. Photoreceptors lie adjacent to the retinal pigment epithelium (RPE) and the RPE provides them support. If cyclic AMP were exported from photoreceptors, it could then be available for uptake by the RPE, in which it could activate processes that drive dark-adaptive pigment granule aggregation. We hypothesize that ABCC4 is localized to photoreceptors and mediates cAMP-export and by extension pigment granule aggregation in mice. To investigate ABCC4’s presence and involvement in pigment granule aggregation, immunogold labeling was performed on mouse retina with anti-ABCC4 antibodies, and pigment granule density was measured in the RPE from both wildtype and Abcc4 knockout mice. Gold labeling was present in photoreceptor tissue, indicating ABCC4 is present in photoreceptors. Pigment granule densities measured in wildtype, dark-adapted mice differed significantly from those measured in wildtype, light-adapted mice (p-value = 0.05). In contrast, pigment granule density was not significantly different between Abcc4 knockout mice that had been dark-adapted or light-adapted (p-value = 0.13). These results support the hypothesis that ABCC4 is present in the photoreceptors and is involved in the process of pigment granule aggregation in mice. 

  • First Presenter: Michael Macha, Radiation Therapy

    Background: This literature review discusses the advances in the field of veterinary oncology. It also includes how to deal with the moral and ethical issues when treating animals, the aspects and treatment techniques, and the advances that have been made to improve the quality of treatment. 

    Methods: The information in this document was obtained from several resources that include veterinary journals, articles and clinical trials. 

    Purpose: The research provided explains the importance of treating cancer in animals equally as effective as human oncology. It also brings more awareness to the field and the progress that has been made. The focus of this research is on the development of technological advances in the treatment of animals and the research done to get more of an understanding on how to effectively treat different species of animals while also managing the side effects that they may experience. This study also surfaced the discussion of whether treatment should be given to an animal if it hinders the quality of life of the animal and if the cost I worth the benefit. 

    Conclusion: Veterinary oncology is a growing field, and the awareness and research are expanding with it. In using new imaging technologies and diagnostic procedures, life expectancy and animal treatment outcomes have been increasingly improving. More research and development into the side effects that animals experience have also proven to increase the quality of care for animals and improve their quality of life. However, without the research and development into this field, the cost and efficacy in treating animals with cancer would not be as practical as it is today. With the advances in the field today many animals' lives have been saved not only having ramifications on their lives, but also the humans that care for them.  
     

  • First Presenter: Mattilyn Ender, Radiation Therapy

    The purpose of this research is intended to share the advantages as well as disadvantages of the Magnetic Resonance Imaging-Linear Accelerator (MRI-Linac) compared to a typical Linear Accelerator (Linac) in all aspects of radiation therapy and how it could potentially affect the future. It will review previous literature and opinions over this topic, give methods as to how and where this research was found, as well as summarize all findings over this topic. Finally, it will state an overall consensus of the MRI-Linac reinforced by all research findings. 

  • First Presenter: Jeffrey McAfee, Agriculture

    Co-Presenters: Marco Gutierrez

    This study compared the effectiveness of locally-made, organic aerated vermicompost tea (AVCT) as a nutrient solution with commercial synthetic fertilizer by investigating yield and nutrient uptake of oak leaf lettuce (Lactuca sativa).  Organic AVCT was prepared in an actively aerated brewer using vermicompost and rainwater.  Fish hydrolase and unsulfured molasses were also added to the tea to develop beneficial bacterial and fungal populations.  After brewing the vermicompost tea for 24 hours, it was added to the 40-gallon reservoir of an ebb and flow hydroponic system.  An analog was prepared with commercial synthetic fertilizer.  The growing bed of each hydroponic system was filled with expanded clay pebbles, which served as the media for the lettuce plants.  L. sativa seedlings were grown for three weeks and then transplanted into each ebb and flow system.  The pH and electrical conductivity (EC) of the nutrient solution in each reservoir were collected daily and analyzed.  After four weeks, plants were harvested from the two media beds and measured for biomass and root length.  At harvest, plant tissue mineral analysis was performed to explore any difference in plant nutrient uptake among the two nutrient sources.  Additionally, elemental analysis of the AVCT nutrient solution was performed and compared to the content of the commercial fertilizer used. The resulting tissue analysis showed similar nutrient uptake results, suggesting further trials may prove vermicompost tea produced from local ingredients to be a viable organic substitute to commercial fertilizer applications in hydroponics. 

  • First Presenter: Emma Broesche, Exercise & Sports Science

    Co-Presenters: Mathew Fielder, Amber Portis, Lia De Blasio, Myra Perez

    The Mobilizing for Action Through Planning and Partnerships (MAPP) model was used as a framework to facilitate an analysis of health-related data in El Paso County, Texas. MAPP centers on partnerships with leaders, and influencers within the community to develop rapport with the citizens and community leaders alike. It supports the prioritization of objectives that will help increase community involvement and create a sense of ownership within the target population in El Paso County, Texas. 
    The findings showed that El Paso County has a large population of Hispanics that are more inclined to develop fatty liver disease due to their genetics. There are two main types of liver disease, non-alcoholic steatohepatitis fatty liver disease (NASH) and non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). Both have become the most common forms of chronic liver disease (Farrel, 2015) that are affecting individuals with diabetes and those who are overweight. Through a comparison study, non-alcoholic fatty liver disease rates in El Paso County, Texas are relatively higher than the state of Texas.
    Creating awareness using the MAPP model, about the preventable risk factors of fatty liver disease and implementing this model to promote adoption of primary prevention actions to the target population is crucial to reducing and avoiding future incidences of this prevalent disease. 

  • First Presenter: Genisis Segundo, Engineering

    Co-Presenters: Karina Paz, Yahaira Cueva  

    Indoor hydroponics farming system is considered a new method of producing fresh produce in a controlled, safe, and consistent quality and quantity. Such system requires consistency in factors such as light, ambient, and nutrient conditions. Among them, nutrient measurement and addition to the circulating liquid is the most labor intensive part due the continuous change in water and fertilizing ions levels and difficulty and cost of development of measurement sensors and feeding mechanisms. The goal of this research project is to design, develop, and test an automated system that identifies and measures the ions in a hydroponic garden and compensate the required amount of different fertilizer for a designated plant. The implementation includes three steps of ions recognition, required fertilizer calculations, and addition mechanism. Commercially available probes and feeding mechanisms are used to measure ion concentrators and feed the right amount of fertilizers. Arduino and microprocessors hardware and software are used for calculations and communications between different system’s components to achieve higher level of self-control and automation for such system. 

  • First Presenter: Haley Casarez, Exercise & Sports Science

    Introduction. The purpose of this project was to create a community needs assessment of Bell County, Texas. The PRECEDE PROCEED Model were utilized to complete a social and epidemiological assessment. Data was collected and analyzed to identify health issues within Bell County. Method. The data for the social and epidemiological assessments were collected through secondary sources obtained from state and federal databases. The social assessment included, the community’s current demographic, socioeconomic, and quality of life indicators. The epidemiological assessment included, natality, mortality, trauma and morbidity. The data were used to compare Bell County residents to those of Texas residents. Results. The data displayed that there was a higher diabetes mortality rate in Bell County compared to the state of Texas. There were also noticeable differences in the socioeconomic indicators for Bell County residents compared to Texas residents. Discussion. A prioritization matrix was formed to determine and identify health issues within Bell County. Diabetes was identified as the priority health issue to address in the county.

  • First Presenter: Audiel Maldonado, Physics

    Instructional change teams face many benefits and challenges from their collaboration. We are looking at instructional change teams that are focused on working together effectively to improve instruction in university STEM courses. The goal of the research presented here is to explore these benefits and challenges by analyzing interviews with team members across multiple higher education institutions and teams. We show that team members identify benefits such as self-improvements in the aspect of teaching and a democratic feeling where team members are able to voice their opinions. We also show that team members identify collaboration challenges including senior team members who are resistant to change, competing time commitments, and lack of monetary incentives. To conclude, we will consider how the outcomes of this research can help instructional change teams to experience more benefits than challenges. We will also consider how this work can support future research into instructional change. This research was conducted with Dr. Alice Olmstead in the Department of Physics, and supported by funding from NSF-DUE 1525393.

  • First Presenter: Victoria Leyva, Psychology

    Co-Presenters: Natalie Ceballos and Reiko Graham

    Research on attentional biases to alcohol images (the ability for alcohol images to capture and hold attention) has used heterogenous sets of stimuli (e.g. beer cans, a wine bottle, etc.). However, beverage preferences play an important role in determining alcohol use patterns and might influence attentional biases to alcohol, especially in inexperienced drinkers. This study sought to determine if preferences affect attentional orienting and maintenance to alcohol beverages (e.g. beer, wine, and liquor) in college-aged social drinkers. Thirty-six social drinkers (5 male, 31 female, Mage = 22.8 years) provided information about alcohol consumption and alcohol-related attitudes and completed 2 versions of a dot-probe task; one consisting of images of most-preferred alcoholic beverages paired with non-alcoholic control beverages, another consisting of least-preferred beverages paired with control images. ANOVAs were conducted on attentional capture and attentional maintenance, with preference (most- vs. least-preferred) and image type (alcohol vs. non-alcoholic control) as within-subjects variables. Alcohol preferences did not influence what kinds of images were looked at first. In contrast, attentional maintenance was affected by preferences, such that while there were no differences between alcohol and control images in the least-preferred condition, participants looked longer at alcohol images (vs. control) in the most-preferred condition. These results suggest that while alcohol preferences do not influence where attention is first deployed, they do influence where attention is subsequently focused and maintained. 

  • First Presenter: Cameryn Wood, Nursing

    This research poster examines the prevalence of abuse as a seemingly imperative aspect of modern rap culture by analyzing violent and suggestive song lyrics as performed by artists with histories of abuse allegations. Dating back several decades to R. Kelly and his numerous allegations of sexual misconduct and violence from an incomprehensible sum of women, to some of the more modern rap moguls in the spotlight – such as XXXTentacion and Kodak Black. In addition to providing background to these artists and their history of abuse allegations, I would like to further analyze their music to determine the possibility of a link between violent lyrics or subject matter in their music to their alleged abuse.
        Existing research discusses the prevalence of abuse as a topic in popular rap music. However, I have been unable to find research that analyzes violent or abusive song lyrics and how they relate to the artist that performs them. With my research, I will further the examination of violence as a popular topic in rap music by investigating both the suggestively violent or abusive song lyrics in combination with the artists that create them in hopes of determining if a link exists between violent subject matter in songs and an artist’s legal history of abuse allegations.
        My poster will consist of the necessary background information, lyrical analyses, and summaries of my findings, with visual aids as applicable. 


    Works Cited

    Burford, Corinna. “The Complete History of XXXTentacion's Controversial Career.” Vulture, Vulture, 19 June 2018, www.vulture.com/2018/06/a-complete-timeline-xxxtentacions-controversial-career.html. 

    Denise Herd. “Changing Images of Violence in Rap Music Lyrics: 1979-1997.” Journal of Public Health Policy, vol. 30, no. 4, 2009, p. 395. EBSCOhost, doi:10.1057/jphp.2009.36.

    Hogan, Marc. “XXXTentacion's Reported Victim Details Grim Pattern of Abuse in Testimony.” Pitchfork, Pitchfork, 8 Sept. 2017, pitchfork.com/thepitch/xxxtentacions-reported-victim-details-grim-pattern-of-abuse-in-testimony/. 

    Jenkins, Craig. “The New Wave of Rap Violence Shouldn't Be Ignored.” Vulture, Vulture, 19 June 2018, www.vulture.com/2018/06/xxxtentacion-tay-k-and-the-new-wave-of-violent-rap.html.

    Scott, Darius. “For Those of Us Who Love Hip-Hop but Hate Misogyny and Homophobia.” BGD, 24 Feb. 2016, www.bgdblog.org/2016/02/for-those-of-us-who-love-hip-hop-but-hate-misogyny-and-homophobia/.

    Sidner, Sara, and Mallory Simon. “Will This Time Be Different for R. Kelly?” CNN, Cable News Network, 27 Feb. 2019, www.cnn.com/2019/02/26/us/r-kelly-then-and-now/index.html.

    Radford, Crystal Joesell. In Defense of Rap Music: Not Just Beats, Rhymes, Sex, and Violence. 2011. EBSCOhost, libproxy.txstate.edu/login?url=http://search.ebscohost.com.libproxy.txstate.edu/login.aspx?direct=true&db=edsndl&AN=edsndl.oai.union.ndltd.org.OhioLink.oai.etd.ohiolink.edu.osu1306255326&site=eds-live&scope=site.

    Ray, Olivia Sundiata. Sexual Violence in Popular Rap Music and Other Media. 2016. EBSCOhost, libproxy.txstate.edu/login?url=http://search.ebscohost.com.libproxy.txstate.edu/login.aspx?direct=true&db=edsndl&AN=edsndl.oai.union.ndltd.org.arizona.edu.oai.arizona.openrepository.com.10150.618766&site=eds-live&scope=site.

    Richardson, Jeanita W., and Kim A. Scott. “Rap Music and Its Violent Progeny: America's Culture of Violence in Context.” The Journal of Negro Education, vol. 71, no. 3, 2002, pp. 175–192. JSTOR, www.jstor.org/stabl
     

  • First Presenter: Desereah Tolbert, Curriculum and Instruction

    In a time of global education reform, many countries are striving to reach their fullest potential. Cambodia is still working to rebuild its education system following the Khmer Rouge’s purge of education between 1975 and 1979. In 2014, the current Minister of Education, Dr. Hang Chuon Naron, initiated educational reforms aimed at creating a more economically competitive Cambodia. The administration began by rewriting the National Grade 12 Examination and implementing strict anti-cheating measures. This exam is required for high school graduation and university acceptance, but prior to these reforms there was rampant cheating on the exam, likely impacting the ability of students to perform well on university-level work and in the job market. There is limited research on public opinions and the effectiveness of the reforms to this exam. This study consisted of a 13-statement survey and a focus group, asking participants to express their perceptions of the impact of these recent reforms on higher education, economic competitiveness, and global opinions of Cambodia. Of the 53 survey participants, 29 took the post-reform exam, 23 took the pre-reform exam, and one took the exam in an unknown year. A majority of the participants (50) were university students at the Royal University of Phnom Penh, and the other three participants were friends or family of these students. Findings suggest that university students at the Royal University of Phnom Penh, even those students who failed the revised exam, support the reforms and view them as necessary for the further development of their country. 

  • First Presenter: Destiny McCalla, Public Relations & Mass Communications

    Co-Presenters: Natalie Aguillon, San’Tres Broussard, Sydney Hurst , Josh Branch

    Parking is an ongoing issue among college campuses nationwide. Parking difficulties negatively impacts students, staff and faculty by making them late and even causing them to accumulate parking tickets from parking somewhere they aren’t supposed to. When it comes to college campuses, students aren’t on campus every day and others only come for a few hours. This gives parking services reason to oversell permits to maximize profits of parking spaces. Large universities, such as Texas State, sell over 20,000 parking passes each year with nearly 11,400 spaces actually available (“Our numbers and statistics,” 2018, https://www.parking.txstate.edu/about/statistics.html). The concern then becomes, how many oversold permits is too many. 
    There are many studies done that show why parking is a problem across college campuses, but few show what can be done to improve the conditions. Research done to further explain the problem and provide a solutions can be a valuable effort to improve parking conditions for those who commute to campus. Researching ways to improve parking conditions on campus will allow those who commute to save time and money when parking on campus. It will also help improve the relationship between parking services and the campus community. The overall purpose of this research is to better understand the issues surrounding campus parking and navigate a solution that is beneficial to all parties involved.

  • First Presenter: Hannah Sheehan, Radiation Therapy

    This paper discusses the various challenges that cancer patients with emotional health disorders experience and the effects that depression and other psychological disorders have on a patient’s health and quality of life. In examining the effects that depression, anxiety, and stress have on the human mind and body, this paper reviews the literature of how each condition negatively impacts the course of treatment, prognosis, tumor recurrence, and quality of life. Factors that cause depression, anxiety, and stress, accurate diagnoses, coping mechanisms, and the role of radiation oncology personnel in providing care to patients will also be discussed due to the importance of this ongoing issue within the field of oncology. The purpose of this research is to explore and explain the challenges, complications, and effects that cancer patients with emotional health disorders face. This study was prepared using research from the Texas State online library database including the International Journal of Radiation Oncology and the journal of General Hospital Psychiatry along with other reliable sources.  Cancer patients with emotional health disorders experience many challenges before, during, and even after their course of treatment. Many factors play a role in determining a diagnosis, and it is vital that the diagnosis is correct. Depression and other psychological disorders effect patients biologically, physically, and mentally. As health care providers, it is our duty to assist these vulnerable patients in the most appropriate way possible to decrease their distress and increase their quality of life.

  • First Presenter: John Paul Fernandez, Computer Information Systems

    Co-Presenters: Justin Carter, Ray Beecham

    Graduate school is a path more and more students are taking to get an edge in the workforce and to ultimately distinguish themselves among their peers. Though, like undergraduate studies, you still need to be admitted within the program. There are variables, more commonly called admission requirements, that need to be accounted for the students that wish to be accepted in a graduate program. This is a study looking into what are the chances for a student to be admitted into graduate school considering their profile. This study will also explain the different variables that were investigated for getting into graduate programs. Participants included are the 400 students in the UCLA graduate dataset from Kaggle. The three most important features for admission to the Master: CGPA, GRE score, and TOEFL score. The three least important features for admission to the Master: Research, LOR, and SOP. This study will be using regression, random forest regression, and decision tree regression algorithms to accurately depict a model that predicts the chances of admission into graduate school hopefuls.

  • First Presenter: Shanté Williams, Biology

    Chemical communication can aid in signaling mating readiness in animals. Some fish species excrete urine in the presence of potential mates, which stimulates mating behaviors. In this study, I tested whether both female and male sailfin mollies (<i> Poecilia latipinna </i>) use urine as a form of chemical communication to signal potential mates. I injected colored dye and observed female sailfin mollies in three treatments: a male conspecific, a female conspecific, or a female (<i> Gambusia affinis </i>). I also tested male sailfin mollies in two treatments: a female conspecific or the injected male alone. I found that females released urine earlier and more frequently in the presence of a male. However, I found no significant difference in male mating behaviors in response to the female urine pulses. I found that males released urine inconsistently for both treatments and did not execute any mating behaviors. In addition, I found no significant difference in when males released urine in the presence of a female. My findings support my hypothesis that females release urine as a form of chemical communication to signal for mating. However, the male study neither supports nor rejects my hypothesis that males use urine to signal for mating. For future studies, testing a different physiological male response to female urine pulses could lead to a more accurate understanding of the chemical communication between the sexes of this species.

  • First Presenter: Sydney Kasberg, Exercise & Sports Science

    Co-Presenters: Taylor Hall, Morgan Best, Sean Steffen

    Introduction. The purpose of this research is to present a partial community health needs assessment of Comal County, Texas utilizing the PRECEDE-PROCEED program planning model. The data from a social and epidemiological assessment will be the basis on which a comprehensive health promotion program will be created to target a health disparity in Comal County. Methods. A social and epidemiological assessment was conducted and secondary data from federal and state databases were utilized. Data was collected on socioeconomic, quality of life, natality, mortality, trauma, and morbidity indicators. Tables were created to display a comparative analysis between Comal County and the State of Texas. Results. The data displayed a high morbidity of sexually transmitted infections in Comal County. Among the various STIs, males 25-34 had a higher contraction rate of HIV/AIDS, Gonorrhea, & Syphilis, while females 15-24 had a higher contraction rate of Chlamydia. Chlamydia had the overall highest rate among all STIs in 2015, with a rate of 335.0 in Comal County and statewide rate of 491.3. Discussion. A prioritization matrix was constructed, utilizing the data from the assessments, to determine the priority health issue in Comal County. The priority health issue determined is sexually transmitted infections (STI) contraction. Further research is needed to determine which risk factors have the largest contribution to the rate of contraction.

  • First Presenter: Remy Stephens, Family and Child Development

    Education is our greatest weapon against racism in working towards building a society that recognizes the equal potential of every human. A multitude of research is available regarding the need and necessity for culturally diverse curriculum and practices in the classroom (Schoorman, 2011). Early childhood educators have emphasized the need for multicultural curriculum in building inclusivity and empathy (Hyland, 2010; Campbell, 2018). Music has been shown to be beneficial across all learning disciplines, especially with young children in cognitive development, memory formation and language acquisition (Harris, 2009). The preschool environment has a major impact and responsibility to the social/emotional development of children. This research proposes using music to bring culturally diverse perspectives into the classroom, celebrate diversity and increase understanding and awareness of cultural differences. This research will analyze the benefits of multicultural music education and consider existing and new ways which we can implement this curriculum into the preschool classroom. I will also make the argument for why this curriculum could be adopted by any preschool to diminish prejudice and build empathy as a foundation to combating racism in future generations. These findings and suggestions for application could be of interest to early childhood educators, social policy and serve as a topic for future research in working against institutionalized racism. My poster will offer introductions to multicultural and music education and connect the dots for why the preschool years represent a critically important window for developing antibias and empathy.

    Campbell, P. S. (2018). Music, education, and diversity: Bridging cultures and communities. New York, NY : Teachers College Press, [2018]. Retrieved from http://libproxy.txstate.edu/login?url=http://search.ebscohost.com.libproxy.txstate.edu/login.aspx?direct=true&db=cat00022a&AN=txi.b4689512&site=eds-live&scope=site
    Harris, M. (2009). Music and the young mind: Enhancing brain development and engaging learning. Retrieved from http://eds.b.ebscohost.com
    Hyland, N. E. (2010). Social justice in early childhood classrooms: What the research tells us. Young Children, 65(1), 82–90
    Schoorman, D. (2011). Reconceptualizing teacher education as a social justice undertaking: Underscoring the urgency for critical multiculturalism in early childhood education. Childhood Education. 87:5, 341-344, DOI: 10.1080/00094056.2011.10523210

  • First Presenter: Laura Smith, Radiation Therapy

    Communication is the cornerstone in the foundation of providing patients with quality health care. In an oncology department, health care providers (HCP) bear a great deal of responsibility for the patients well-being and ensuring all information is exchanged and understood. HCP must supply patients with accurate and relevant treatment information, assist in managing side effects, ensure correct treatment is being performed, along with a multitude of other tasks. While difficult, the basis for all of these aspects of treatment revolve around communication. Communication with the patient is extremely important, without it a patients needs will not be met and the HCP will have failed in their responsibility. The purpose of this paper is to explore the necessity of communication for cancer patients undergoing radiation therapy, who can best provide it, and what can happen when patients are not communicated correctly with. A number of peer reviewed articles from MEDLINE and CINAHL help showcase the importance of the different aspects of communication for patients. The research presented here provides a fresh look on patient care through communication and can offer HCP’s with simple tools to help their patients on a day-to-day basis. 

  • First Presenter: Christina Tinsley, Anthropology

    While there is plenty of physical osteological evidence of violence and extreme corpse treatment within the Chaco Canyon and the surrounding areas, there is little that can be corroborated concerning the nature of events which led to these depositions. This paper will take into consideration the overall treatment of corpses at these sites, as well as contributing outside factors, to provide the context needed in order to hypothesize the conditions under which these events took place. Unlike many previous publications this paper will consider the cultural beliefs and practices of these prehistoric Native Americans when forming a conclusion.  

  • First Presenter: Grant Dorsey, Computer Information Systems 

    Co-Presenters: Michael Mann, Diego Abelar

    Our group is analyzing a Crash Data dataset to determine the important factors in predicting whether a car crash ends in an injury. From there, we are going to build a model using association and classification algorithms to predict whether a car crash, given a certain situation, would end with the passengers getting injured or not. In addition, we will highlight and explain the most important factors that result in injuries when driving. This explanation will be based on regression algorithm output which will allow us to show the individual impact of certain variables in regards to the likelihood of injury.

  • First Presenter: Brian Chamblee, Computer Science

    Multiple data mining algorithms will be applied to cluster students using data from 4th grade students in AISD. Data used in this clustering will include Last year and this years STAAR scores for reading, math, and science. This year’s progress monitoring and benchmarking data
    Student demographic data including DOB, gender, race/ethnicity, Free and Reduced lunch status, disability status and EL status. DBSCAN, K-Means, K Mediod and Mean Shift algorithms will be used to cluster the data and find groups of students from this data.  

     

  • First Presenter: Miracle Tinsley, International Studies 

    Music, in regards to black people and slavery, was used by white people to subjugate and restrict black expression. Black slaves were forced to use music and dance to serve their white oppressors, while simultaneously trying to preserve their cultures. This preservation of culture has allowed black people to maintain traditions as they spread out across the globe, and more specifically into Germany and the US. But as one transcends other cultures, one’s culture tends to morph. Cultural disparities have played a large role in defining what it means to be black. The term “black” was coined by white people in order to further oppress black people. Blacks and Africans have been excluded from resources and immigration legislation for years, especially with the 1924 Johnson Reed Act, which deemed “colored people” as unfit for citizenship. Only 200,000 black people resided in Germany in 2000, which only increased by about 100,000 since then. This is a stark contrast to the over 40 million blacks living in the US. So, the black experience between these two racial groups is more different than similar. A key way of studying the black experience is to look at music by black people. This poster seeks to define the black experience for Afro Germans and African Americans and how music by black artists helps to define blackness and to locate the anomalies that lie in cross-cultural blackness. The poster will also include an analysis of the lyrics of two Afro German and two African American songs.

  • First Presenter: Mary Ross, Health & Wellness Promotion

    Co-Presenters: Alex Juarez, Ariel Valdez, Caitlyn Berger, Tara Chandler

    This assessment sought to determine the highest priority health issue that impacts the overall quality of life in Denton County, Texas. Denton County is located in Public Region 2/3 and has a population of 836,210 (Census Bureau, 2018). In Texas, the county is rated number one in health outcomes.
    The MAP-IT model was used to frame the assessment process. First, Denton County’s data was gathered from the U.S. Census Bureau and Texas Health Data, then compared to Texas overall and Healthy People 2020 national objectives. Data collected included race, gender, age, mortality, education, and vaccine preventable diseases for the county and Texas. Finally, a prioritization matrix was incorporated to determine what health problems were most modifiable and important.
    The highest and most changeable priority health issue identified among Denton County is vaccine preventable diseases such as, influenza and pertussis. Influenza and rates per 100,000 population were higher in Denton County (19) compared to Texas (14) in 2015 and in 2017 Denton County had higher pertussis infection rates (10) compared to (5.4) Texas (DSHS, 2019). 
    In Denton County the prioritized need for health improvement is vaccine preventable diseases. Programs should be created for prevention and to increase awareness of vaccine preventable diseases.

  • First Presenter: Logan Taylor, Marketing

    The service industry is booming, now more than ever. According to the Bureau of Labor Statistics, by 2024, 95% of new jobs will be in the service sector. This large percentage will constitute for over 9 million jobs. These “emotion-work” industries take physical and mental tolls on employees. This concept is more commonly referred to as emotional labor. This paper argues that emotional labor, a rather well-known concept that has been widely studied since the early nineteen-eighties, can be observed through the implementation of service design. While service design is traditionally focused on the customer journey and experience, this paper states that concepts such as innovation, journey maps, prototyping, co-creation, and empathy can be used to design a seamless employee experience for front-line employees in the service industry. This paper will also showcase how implementing a service design strategy from the employee perspective will create happier, more engaged employees, thus guiding the organization to success. 

    Keywords: service design, design thinking, emotional labor, frontline employees, service industry
     

  • First Presenter: D'Mornaquah Fontenot, Criminal Justice 

    Co-Presenters: Courtney Meyers, Laynie Jones, Angela Jones PhD.

    Eyewitness misidentification is one of the leading contributing factors to wrongful convictions (National Registry of Exonerations, 2019). These wrongful convictions have spurred one of the most prolific areas of applied memory research. However, much of the stimuli used to test eyewitness memories is rather artificial, involving the use of photographs or two-dimensional (2D) videotaped mock crimes to avoid psychologically harming participants (Wells & Penrod, 2011). As a result, the participant witness is not exposed to a stressful situation as would likely occur with a real witness. Advancements in technology, specifically 360-degree immersive environments (IE), provide a unique opportunity to examine eyewitness memory. Increasing ecological validity can lead to a better understanding of the process and reliability of eyewitness memory, especially under stressful situations. As part of an ongoing pilot study, we developed, filmed, and edited 360-degree and 2D mock thefts. Student participants were then randomly assigned to view the crime with a head-mounted display in 360 or on a computer screen in 2D. The characteristics of the crime remained constant. This experimental design allows for a test of whether an IE results in a more realistic eyewitness experience relative to the more commonly employed 2D mock crime, and consequently whether there are differences in stress or memory accuracy.  A total of five students have participated thus far. Results for a larger sample size and implications will be discussed.

  • First Presenter: Quichocho Xandria, Physics

    Historically, research on identity in Physics Education Research (PER) has been conducted at Predominately White Institutions on predominately White students. Investigations on minorities, traditionally defined as White women and racial minorities, have often looked at the two separate entities—just White women, or just racial minorities. There exists in PER a massive vacuum of research on the intersection of these identities. Additionally, beyond the LGBT Climate Report by APS in 2016, there exists little to no research on the experiences of LGBT+ physicists. 

    Texas State University was named a Hispanic Serving Institution in 2010, and 53% of the physics department self-identify as women of color. The population the study is working with are women of color and LGBQ+ physicists. We are looking into this unique population of physicists to better understand how their physics identities formed, and how it integrates itself within her possibly contradictory gender, racial, and sexual, identities.
    We use a new critical and intersectional framework to better understand physics identity. By taking both a critical and intersectional approach to the analysis we avoid labelling a single physicist’s narrative as representative of all like her, and examine the institutional, societal, and cultural aspects of her narrative. 
    We understand identity being made of two parts, the body process and body product. The body process is a continuous inner negotiation of oneself and one’s place in an environment. This process is performed through the body product—how one dresses, speaks, and interacts with others. 
    Data is gathered through semi-structured interviews with pre-selected physicists. Physicists are asked questions about their personal experiences, their physics environments, and if they view themselves as a “physicist”. The goal is to see examples of an “integrated physics identity”, or, a harmonious agreement between all identities.

  • First Presenter: Kammille Harvey , Family and Consumer Sciences 

    Co-Presenters: Hope Yates, Victoria Tintori, Ruby Hernandez, & Edna Alfaro PhD

    Grounded in Bronfenbrenner’s (1989) ecological model and the integrative model for the study of developmental competencies in minority children (García Coll et al., 1996), academic support from mothers and fathers were expected to be positively related to Latinx students’ (N = 316) college self-efficacy; however, these relations were expected to be stronger when students endorse traditional cultural values (i.e., familism and traditional gender roles). Academic support from mothers, but not fathers, was positively related to college self-efficacy. Traditional gender roles moderated this relation; mothers’ academic support was only positively related in the context of high traditional gender role endorsements. Thus, mothers’ academic support is particularly important to consider when working with more enculturated Latinx college students.

  • First Presenter: Keondre Parker, Engineering

    Telescopes are essential tools for wanting to view celestial objects that are vast distances away. When we use these tools, we want to make sure they’re efficient; we want them to be user-friendly and non-problematic. By applying a technique that uses a Raspberry Pi and the Python computing, we can control the dual motors of a telescope aiding in better control for the user. In the case that old telescopes are being used, this method could still potentially work resulting in uses and reapplications versus having to scrap them or store them away.

  • First Presenter: Julia Roberts, Chemistry

    La-related proteins (LARPs) are a superfamily of RNA-binding proteins distinguished by a core RNA binding domain called the “La Module”. This family is highly conserved across eukaryotes and exerts diverse functions in RNA processing and function. Within a disordered C-terminal domain, the LARP6 family uniquely contains an “LSA” motif that participates in protein-protein interactions. The genetic model plant, Arabidopsis thaliana (At), has three paralogs of LARP6, denoted “a”, “b”, and “c”. Of these paralogs, AtLARP6b and AtLARP6c are most closely related to each other due to an N-terminal “PAM2” motif that associates with other RNA binding proteins. Previous work by others evaluated the RNA binding activity of the isolated AtLARP6c La Module, and found affinity for uridine-rich sequences. However, the field lacks the protein reagents to directly test the role of the N-terminal domain on RNA binding activity and specificity. Our lab has generated novel constructs to recombinantly produce both the full-length protein and the NTD+LaModule (a.k.a. “∆CTD”). These protein variants are stably expressed and have been highly purified (>98% pure). RNA binding activity against a panel of potential RNA ligands is measured using electrophoretic mobility shift assays (EMSAs). These protein constructs also allow for the direct test of the PAM2 motif in RNA binding activity, and so additional constructs were made that contain a deletion of this motif. By characterizing the binding specificity of these AtLARP6c proteins, we will gain significant insight into the function of individual domains within this highly conserved protein.

  • First Presenter: Chet (Mason) Glasscock, Agriculture 

    Beneficial microorganisms (BMOs) exist in the natural, soil-based environment, and develop symbiotic relationships with plants resulting in plant disease suppression, increased nutrient uptake and biomass, while also reducing pest pressure.  Yet, one research area that is largely unknown and has significant opportunity for innovation concerns of the role and persistence of BMOs in hydroponic (soilless) crop production systems.  Hydroponic methods in controlled environments, such as in greenhouses, offer a potential way to increase year-round fruit and vegetable production in Texas, and thus local economic development, while decreasing water usage and eliminating many soil-borne pathogens.  Like soil-based systems, hydroponic crop production methods require adequate dissolved oxygen in the nutrient/water solution for plant nutrient uptake and healthy BMO communities.  Recently, a new technology for aeration utilizes electrolysis to break water molecules into nano bubbles, which has the potential to increase dissolved oxygen (DO) rates by 50% over traditional methods, and thus significantly increase yields.  To explore the effects of electrolysis on the health of BMOs, strawberries will be inoculated with BMOs, and an industry standard aeration system will be used in the control.  The treatment group of strawberries will also be inoculated with the above specified rate of BMOs, but an electrolysis-based aeration system will be employed.  Samples will be collected to determine how the electrolysis aeration is affecting the BMOs, as compared to the control.  At the end of the 12-week trial, the data will be analyzed, and strawberry plant yields will be evaluated.

  • First Presenter: Amanda Rodriguez, Anthropology

    Co-Presenters: Dr. Deborah Cunningham

    Body mass estimation is key in most forensic anthropological, bioarchaeological, and paleoanthropological investigations. While the femoral head is the most reliable predictor of body mass, often only skeletal fragments are recovered, making it imperative that we investigate which skeletal elements can be used to accurately estimate body mass. In this study, we measured the distal humeri of 118 human males from the Texas State Donated Skeletal Collection (TXDSC), and tested the accuracy of a commonly used regression method to estimate these males’ body mass.

  • First Presenter: Kasey Lash, Agriculture

    Since 1970, strawberry consumption has increased 700 percent in the United States, from 1.7 pounds per capita in 1970 to almost 8 pounds per person a year.  This indicates a viable market opportunity for farmers in Texas.  However, strawberry acreage in Texas has been limited because field-grown strawberry production has proven difficult due to water scarcity, weather variability, and pest pressure.  Because of these environmental challenges, this project explores the feasibly of growing strawberries year-round in a controlled environment (i.e. greenhouse) using hydroponic (soilless) methods, as opposed to traditional field-based production.  Indoor hydroponic methods have several advantages over outdoor soil-grown crops, including 90 percent less water usage, the elimination of many soil-borne pathogens, and the competitive production of crops not in season elsewhere.  Because Texas does not currently produce a large amount of strawberries compared to other states, namely California, the main U.S. producer, there is little information provided by the Texas A&M Extension Service.  To investigate the feasibility of growing strawberries indoors in Texas, we will perform a cultivar trial experiment to identify the most robust cultivars for indoor production in Central Texas.  Four strawberry cultivars, specifically Albion, Monterey, San Andreas, and Seascape, will be grown in hydroponic systems at the Texas State University research greenhouse.  To determine which cultivar(s) are most suited to indoor hydroponic production, the number of strawberries per plant, fruit biomass per plant, number of runners per plant, and time to the first harvest will measured and evaluated.

  • First Presenter: Danielle Cortez, Engineering

    Co-Presenters: Michelle Mata

    Foreseen societal consequences include an overpopulated world by 2050 [1]. This problem comes into effect when a demand for food sources are needed by society worldwide. A common practice that has been in a rise and could become a potential solution is indoor farming. This practice is known for having higher yields of crops and is achieved by using a controlled environment. Different variables are often controlled to the grower’s specifications. One of those variables include a light source to supply plants appropriate light spectrums. Typically, artificial lights are used in these controlled environments. It is known that natural sunlight is a more reliable source than artificial lights, therefore this research was done to conduct experiments using fiber optics cables as a potential medium of supplying light. Several experiments were conducted to assess what effect fiber optic cables had on using used both natural and artificial lighting. Several observations were done to collect data on the efficiency of fiber optics. One of the studies focused on observing the effects of curvature on optic fiber cable’s light emission. Another experimental study was designed to analyze the comparison between the length of the optic fiber cable and the quality and intensity of light transmission. Lastly, a study conducting a comparison between a 3mm and 20 mm optical fiber cable diameter, to analyze which cable emits higher light intensity and most efficient for plant growth.

  • First Presenter: Samantha Sorbo, Radiation Therapy

    The purpose of this paper is to shed light on the heterogeneous findings on palliative treatment of bone metastases and how fractionation scheme impacts patient quality of life at the end of life. By analyzing many peer reviewed articles and studies of various sample sizes, this study reviews aspects like pain response, guidelines that are already in place and their implementation, as well as other patient and clinical factors that provide the fractionation scheme framework for treatment plans. As there is accepted agreement that radiation therapy is an effective treatment for palliative bony metastases, there is a disconnect seen between fractionation schemes theorized versus what is being practiced in the clinic, as well as arguments as to whether it is possible to decipher if these specific fractionation schemes improve quality of life over the other or not. It is found that even though single fraction radiation therapy (SFRT) provides successful pain relief, convenience and cost savings to the patient and clinic, and is recommended by international and national cancer organizations, its implementation has not been widely adapted.

  • First Presenter: Brittany Mayfield, Radiation Therapy

    This literature review discusses and compares various radiotherapy treatment modalities used to treat patients diagnosed with lung cancer. Many health professionals attest to particular modalities promoting better quality of life than others. This document includes data primarily from research journals, online references, and clinical studies. Utilizing various sources aided in conducting a thorough research. This research article provides comparisons of 3-dimensional conformal radiation therapy (3DCRT), Intensity- Modulated Radiation Therapy (IMRT), Proton Therapy, and Stereotactic Body Radiation Therapy (SBRT) for lung cancer patients.  The focus of this research is to analyze each treatment technique and conclude why certain treatments are deemed better than others. Though no two tumors are identical and multiple factors weigh into an individual’s prognosis, physicians and dosimetrists must take into account each patient’s individual case. In this research, photon therapy including 3DCRT and IMRT had the worst survival rates, when compared to proton therapy. This was primarily due to normal tissue toxicity with photons. SBRT proved to have good overall survival rates, which relied predominately on follow-up appointments to track tumor activity and extremely localized treatment margins. Medical professionals should aim towards increasing patient quality of life post-radiotherapy treatment, because a diagnosis of cancer should never have to be feared as a death sentence. 

  • First Presenter: Joshua Navas, Radiation Therapy

    This literature review discusses the different methods and techniques that are used to obtain deep inspiration breath-holds for cancers in the thorax region and discuss which one is more accurate between each technique. The techniques that will primarily be discussed in this analysis are 4D imaging such as four dimensional computerized tomography (4D-CT) and four dimensional cone beam computerized tomography (4D-CBCT) which track breathing during simulation as well as during treatment and devices such as alignRT C-rad, SDX and active breathing control (ABC’s). 
    Methods: this literature review will have information from textbooks, the Texas state library, and medical journals which include clinical studies that are relevant to my research topic. 
    Purpose:  the purpose of the research provided in this literature review is to further inspect all the methods and techniques that track deep inspiration breath holds to see which is the most accurate for practice. The research will focus on a couple of techniques used in current practice and each will be explained on how they are used and their accuracy on capturing a reproducible breath hold. The study of breath holds is largely driven by the fact that organ motion inside the patient is keeping us from being 100% accurate on how we deliver radiation therapy treatments in the thorax region thus keeping the patient from excess exposure. As we look more in depth on what technique will keep us from doing such thing, the closer we get to avoiding critical structures in the thorax region such as lungs and the heart. 
    Conclusion:  a 100% accurate breath hold and a technique that will sustain such a breath hold through out a full treatment is yet to be obtain, however it seems that 4D gating along with immobilization devices such as compression belts/bars are our most used option in obtaining a decent breath hold treatment that will minimize the exposure that critical structures in the thoracic area receive. However optical and breathing devices are the most accurate as of now.

  • First Presenter: Andrew Alvarez, Engineering

    Bast fiber is a type of material that can be collected from the stem tissue of most common flora. This material has the potential to be used for several applications in composite structures. The chosen flora to harvest these fibers is from Ambrosia Trifda, or more commonly known as North American Ragweed. The plant is selected because of its great abundance in almost every region in the Americas. The method involves the separation of high-quality microfibers from bast fiber via a retting process consisting of a Hydrogen Peroxide and water solution. Once the microfibers are isolated, they are transferred to an Electrospinner to be reduced to nanofibers. To create the desired composite, the Ragweed nanofibers will act as the reinforcement while soy-based polyurethane will be used as the matrix. Our objective would be to shift the current dependence on petroleum-based composites toward composites that can be created from materials found within nature. This would be a stepping stone toward making the current Composite Manufacturing Industry more reliant upon natural resources, thus further reducing the increasing impact that harmful plastics have on vulnerable ecosystems.

  • ​First Presenter: Richard Saavedra, Anthropology

    Living body height estimations are used in bioarchaeology, forensic anthropology, and paleoanthropology to develop biological profiles of individuals and to examine secular trends, health, and body size evolution in populations.  Whole long bone lengths strongly correlate with living stature, but in many cases are fragmentary or incomplete. The femur has been shown to be the most accurate bones for stature estimation in bipedal hominins. Therefore, the ability to reconstruct femur length from fragmentary portions would be beneficial to biological anthropologists. In this study, we 3D scanned and measured 19 whole human femora from the Texas State Donated Skeletal Collection (TXDSC), digitally separated each femur into four segments, and tested the accuracy of femur length reconstruction from each segment.  
    Segment I includes the most proximal point of the femur head to the midpoint of the lesser trochanter.  Segment II runs from the midpoint of the lesser trochanter to the point on the shaft where the supracondylar lines are no longer parallel to the linea aspera.  Segment III spans from the point where the supracondylar lines diverge to the most superior point on the intercondylar fossa.  Finally, Segment IV is from the most superior point on the intercondylar fossa to the most inferior point on the medial condyle.
    Regression results indicate that Segments I and III do the best job of estimating total femur length (SI: R2=0.50, p=0.001; S3: R2=0.48, p=0.001), while Segments II and IV perform poorly.  These results suggest that, if present, Segments I and III can be used to estimate whole femur length. The estimated femur length can then be used in regression equations to estimate living stature, a crucial biological parameter that aids in biological anthropological interpretation.

  • First Presenter: Cynthia Gomez, Radiation Therapy

    This presentation is to focus on the treatment options that are available to patients who are about to receive therapy. The symptoms that they are going to be experiencing due to radiation. Furthermore, fertility alternatives are described to provide patients with information prior to receiving treatment.

  • First Presenter: Micaela Mead, Nutrition & Foods

    Co-Presenters: Sloan Riddle, Hayden Matz, Colton Cathey, Fabian Garza

    The purpose of the needs assessment is to identify the priority health issues in Galveston County. Our intervention will follow the Mobilizing for Action Through Planning and Partnerships (MAPP) framework for community change. The County is located along the Gulf of Mexico in Southeast Texas. When comparing Galveston County to the state of Texas, there is a greater percentage of Caucasians and individuals aged 45 years and older in the county. The county is home to the University of Texas Medical Branch, which is a Level 1 trauma center, and is known for occurrence of natural disasters such as hurricanes. Priority health issues seen within Galveston County that have higher rates compared to Texas are sepsis, exemptions from vaccines, and no prenatal care for all demographics. 
    Looking at the mortality comparisons between Galveston County and Texas, Sepsis had the highest rate and percentage differences. With this considered, this intervention will focus on identifying contributing factors to the development of sepsis and what can be done to limit the incidence rate of the disease in Galveston County. Sepsis is triggered by bacteria entering the bloodstream and producing an infection. Populations at high risk for developing sepsis include: the elderly, people with autoimmune disease, those with a chronic illness, and patients admitted into the ICU. Considering that Galveston County has a large older population, it is more susceptible to contracting the disease. The next step in combatting sepsis will be implementing Phase VI of the action cycle with the MAPP framework by organizing and developing a plan of intervention in Galveston County. 

  • First Presenter: Hannah Faulkner, Finance and Economics

    Expert testimony is frequently a key piece of evidence in litigation; for economists, their expertise is called upon to establish causation, prove damages, and estimate the monetary value of those damages. To achieve this, econometricians act as “storytellers” by crafting statistical models to bring sense and simplification to otherwise complex, disorderly data. However, the validity of these models is often difficult to ascertain due to the economist’s discretionary choices in variables and assumptions. A judge must therefore act as a “gatekeeper,” deciding whether these choices render a model too unrealistic or misleading to be admitted to the “factfinders,” or jury. 
    This poster explores the issue of admitting economists’ expert testimony, as applied to the class action lawsuit Dover et al. v. British Airways PLC. Members of the airline’s frequent flyer program alleged that British Airways breached its contract by imposing illegitimate fuel surcharges. Each party enlisted the testimony of economists, whose models yielded opposite conclusions regarding whether there existed a strong correlation between these charges and the market price of jet fuel kerosene. Cross-motions were filed to dismiss the testimony, with challenges to the assumptions, methods, and variables underlying the opposing expert’s model. 
    This research will analyze Judge Dearie’s admissibility decision in the Dover case, informed by Jeff Todd’s synthesis on the issues surrounding economic models in litigation. 

  •  

    First Presenter: Juan Gonzalez, Management

    Co-Presenters: Tyler Banks

    The compilation of this research was inspired by the mass shootings that have taken place over the United States. We believe there are many ways this data can be put to good use. This data compares the gun violence between states along with the date it happened and we want to highlight the higher rate of crime based on location. We also want to compare the difference between how many were injured versus how many were killed. We can look at the data and see if ages of the participants in the shootings has anything to do with the amount of gun violence crimes or if it is more based on population and location in the country. For each date between 1/1/2013 to 3/3/2018, a Python script queried all incidents that happened at that particular date, then scraped the data and wrote it to a CSV file. Each month got its own CSV file, with the exception of 2013, since not many incidents were recorded from then.

  • First Presenter: Kathleen Nolasco, Psychology

    In my poster I address both the significance of Hamilton in changing views on hip hop and rap in musical theater and in overturning prejudices against the African American Community. There have been many points for and against the popularity of Hamilton. Some explore how Hamilton isn’t the first instance of rap in musical history, and others analyze the limitations of telling a story through rap, but the fact is that a lot of people have fallen in love with Hamilton, and from students to world-known celebrities they keep coming back. (Levere, 2016) The story of America’s founding is retold in a way that empowers previously unheard voices and works to inspire a whole generation of youth from minority groups. (Hees, 2018) I further explore the importance of the diverse cast and choice of words in some of the songs in breaking the concept of what musical theater is supposed to be and the place of the African American community in it. (Monteiro, 2016) (Silva & Inayatulla, 2017) I delve into the creation of negative stereotypes associated with the African American community and how they translate to music by looking at the past and the present views on music made by African Americans. (Mellonee & Portia, 2015) I conclude with how much Hamilton has positively impacted and influenced a whole generation and how it’s a step forward in overcoming racism, but there is still a lot of work to do. (Lust, 2017) 

     

    References: 

    Hees, Anneke Van. “Hamilton: An American Musical and Its Role in Questioning the Cultural Hegemony of the Foundation Myth of the United States of America.” Leiden University, 2018. 

    Levere, Jane. “Rapping Hit The Broadway Stage Far Before 'Hamilton,' In 'The Music Man'.” Forbes, Forbes Magazine, 6 June 2016, 

    Lust, Nicole. “The Hamilution of Hamilton: How A Little Musical That Could Managed to Change the Face of a Generation.” University of Maryland, 2017. 

    Monteiro, L. D. “Review Essay: Race-Conscious Casting and the Erasure of the Black Past in Lin-Manuel Mirandas Hamilton.” The Public Historian, vol. 38, no. 1, 2016, pp. 89–98., doi:10.1525/tph.2016.38.1.89. 

    Silva, Andie, and Shereen Inayatulla. “Who Tells Our Story: Intersectional Temporalities in Hamilton: An American Musical.” Changing English, vol. 24, no. 2, 2017, pp. 190–201., doi:10.1080/1358684x.2017.1311038. 

    Burnim, Mellonee V., and Portia K. Maultsby. African American Music: an Introduction. Routledge, 2015. 

  • First Presenter: Alexia Jones, Journalism & Mass Communications

    Co-Presenters: Tori Glass, Jacqueline Moreno, Lauren Guidry, Aubrey Burttschell, Katherine Baldwin

    There are 20 million new sexually transmitted disease (STD) cases every year and according to a recent survey from the American Sexual Health Association young people account for half of those new cases (http://www.ashasexualhealth.org/stdsstis/statistics/). The rate of sexually transmitted infections (STIs) and STDs spreading around college campuses is continuing to surge and many people are uninformed that they are highly at risk. Sexual health awareness is an important issue that is neglected. 
    Many students in higher education, including those attending Texas State, are not aware of the health resources on campus that are readily available to them. Because this is a sensitive subject, it is important for the Texas State Health Center to find the best ways to target students while making them feel comfortable and open with discussing sexual health.
    The purpose of this research is to understand how the Texas State Student Health Center can increase their service awareness and simultaneously make students to care more about their sexual health. The results of our  focus group research will help the Texas State Student Health Center to gain beneficial knowledge to effectively promote departmental services as well as organize more events that provide students with the opportunity to be screened

  • First Presenter: Ashley Selva, Exercise & Sports Science

    Co-Presenters: Jordan Smits, Masaya Rowe, Ricardo Garza Jr, Anthony Burks 

    Introduction. This research project presents the first two phases of the PRECEDE-PROCEED program planning framework for Hidalgo County, Texas. During Phase 1, the researchers conducted a social assessment which included demographic characteristics, socioeconomic indicators, and quality of life indicators. During Phase 2, the researchers conducted an epidemiological assessment which included analyzing data on natality, mortality, morbidity, and trauma data. The purpose of this research was to identify, analyze, and prioritize health issues for Hidalgo County residents.
    Method: The Assessment Team utilized state and federal government databases to gather secondary data for the most recent years available. The social and epidemiological indicator data collected were organized into tables and comparatively analyzed. Secondary data for Hidalgo County were compared to Public Health Region 11, Texas, and the U.S. 
    Results: The percentage of residents aged 45-64 years with diabetes was 152% greater in Hidalgo County (21.7%) in comparison to Texas (17.8%) Additionally, the percentages of both females and males of all ages with diabetes in Hidalgo County (13.6% and 19.8%, respectively) were notably greater compared to Texas (11.0% and 12.9%, respectively). The percentage of Hispanic residents with diabetes was 116% greater in Hidalgo County (15.2%) in comparison to Texas (13.1%). 
    Discussion: The findings revealed diabetes disproportionately impacts Hidalgo County residents by age, sex, and race/ethnicity. It is suggested that predisposing, reinforcing, and enabling factors impacting diabetes be examined to inform health programming. 

  • First Presenter: Emilio Lara, Chemistry and Biochemistry

    Advancements in nanotechnology have made it possible to utilize nanoparticles as effective drug delivery systems for cancer treatment due to their ability to target disease-specific tissues. Nanoprecipitation and nano-emulsification are the most common methods to produce nanoparticles. Current methods of scaling up these processes pose problems such as polydispersed low-quality product and harsh operating conditions such as high pressure and flow rate.  

    To improve and increase production, we have designed a fiber fluidic reactor that, in conjunction with two pumps, allows for preparation of monodispersed nanoparticles via nanoprecipitation and operates in mild conditions.

    Dynamic light scattering (DLS) technique confirmed the monodispersity of nanoparticles prepared at various volumetric flow rates. In addition, we investigated the effect of factors like volumetric flow rate and concentration of both streams and temperature on nanoparticles’ size and polydispersity index (PDI). 

    Determining conditions that provide optimal nanoparticle size, yield, and dispersity will be the focus of future work. The design of a mathematical equation will establish the parameters needed for the large-scale continuous manufacturing of nanoparticles. 
     

  • First Presenter: Shelbey Storm, Radiation Therapy

    Over the past few decades, the way that Hodgkin’s Lymphoma (HL) is treated has changed dramatically, but the question remains: are these changes in the patient’s best interest? In this literature review, the evolution of HL treatments will be discussed and scrutinized in an attempt to explore the best way to treat HL. This manuscript analyzes the variation in techniques, reviews clinical trials, and discusses their findings. Resources were gathered from medical journals and clinical trial research cases. Data revealed that treating HL is more complex than other primary cancers, and a definitive treatment does not exist.
     For that reason, treatment should be individualized to each patient.

  • First Presenter: Natalie Tucker, Psychology/Family and Child Development

    Co-Presenters: Clare Kelley

    The present study continues an examination of the role of teachers’ expectations and preconceptions of what constitutes a gifted student and the possibility that ethnicity and language factors can affect teachers’ decisions to nominate students for Gifted and Talented programs (GT). Participants included 105 pre-service and currently practicing predominately Latina teachers in a bilingual community, recruited via social media solicitations. Participants completed a demographic survey and a survey of factors that might have influenced their nomination decision. They were then randomly assigned an essay vignette which described a potential gifted student. Each vignette varied only to allow the comparison of three ethnic groups and monolingual versus bilingual status. Both quantitative and qualitative data were obtained. Quantitative data included participants’ rating of their likelihood to nominate the student and their evaluation of the potentially gifted student’s qualities. Participants were also asked about the strengths, weakness and other nomination factors of the student’s vignette. Universal emergent themes were identified. While the quantitative amount of “yes” responses to the nomination question were evenly distributed between monolinguals and bilinguals and across ethnic groups, differences emerged in the qualitative response data. Qualitative results found that participants described leadership skills and motivation of the student differently for different vignettes, and that the experience and history factors affected their decision to nominate. It also is possible that in-group/out-group bias is a factor in GT nomination of Hispanic bilingual students. Ultimately, identifying the bases of nomination could provide valuable insight to educators in Texas, and across the nation. 

  • First Presenter: Leanna Mouton, Management

    When we think of theme parks, we contemplate how to maximize our fun through thriller rides, heart racing attractions, and tasty carnival foods. For others, their vacations are often planned around the accessibility offered by a theme park. According to the U.S. Census of 2010, nearly 25.4 million families have at least one disabled member in their family making this the largest minority group. Sadly, the disabled as a population continue to be generally marginalized in U.S. society, and their needs seemingly an afterthought, especially when it comes to play. Everyone should have a chance to play and enjoy life, regardless of their ability or disability status. While incorporating full inclusion into the workings of every theme park is not possible, the goal of park design and management should be the maximizing of accessibility for all, including those customers presenting disabilities. It is important to note that only 10% of those with disabilities are physically affected; autism, cognitive and developmental issues, sensory challenges and many other differences make up 90% of disabling conditions (Magical Bridge). Most theme parks are created for the 90% of guests who are not disabled to enjoy. The remaining 10% possess special needs (Gordon Hartman). Similar accommodations (or the lack thereof) are present in grocery stores, universities, public transportation, and recreation.  This is evidence that a gap exists, and my hope is that through this study, parks will have ideas on areas of improvement that can be implemented to strengthen their businesses. Further, a global impact will emerge by organizations coming together to help fill the entertainment need for millions of guests with disabilities. 

    This poster will include findings from my study from traveling to four different theme parks across the United States to evaluate what they do well when it comes to accessibility and what some areas of improvement are. My recommendations for how theme parks can become more accessible based on my findings will also be presented. 

  • First Presenter: Sarah Richter, Radiation Therapy

    The purpose of this research is to understand the different imaging techniques used, as well as explore the advancements that have been made in their use in all aspects of radiation oncology.
    Methods: The information obtained in this research is gathered from scientific medical journals, textbooks, clinical studies, and other online resources to explore the role and advancements of imaging in radiation therapy.
    CT and PET imaging have shown to be more involved in the radiation oncology department over MRI, though MRI is making advances in its use, other than diagnosis, in the department. Hybrid imaging modalities show promise in their use, as they offer features from both modalities combined. 

  • First Presenter: Kelsey Walling, Family of Consumer Sciences

    Co-Presenters: Alyssa Cavazos

    Background: Bobcat Bounty (BCB) is a student-run food pantry on the Texas State campus which aids in providing clients in need with healthful food choices at no charge. Process evaluation data indicate that BCB clients lack the appropriate kitchen utensils to utilize foods available through the pantry. The goal of this project is to evaluate the effect of providing kitchen utensils to BCB clients on their home cooking behavior
    Methods: During Fall 2018, first-hand testimonial stories explaining client resourcefulness when they lacked certain kitchen utensils were collected from BCB clients via email and note card submissions. A campus-wide utensil drive was executed to collect utensils deemed beneficial for clients. Donated utensils were distributed to clients during Spring 2019 and a follow up survey was conducted to assess willingness to cook at home, ease of preparing meals, ability to work around problems in the kitchen, and the likelihood of selecting a wider variety of items at BCB after receiving new utensils.
    Results: Data collected from 15 client submissions included themes of creative approaches, low budget hacks, and self-resilience given the lack of appropriate utensils. Preliminary results indicate positive effects on home cooking behavior among clients after receiving utensils.
    Conclusion: Providing utensils at food pantries increases resources available to clients, which can increase self-efficacy. A limitation to this study includes potential stigma when recruiting client story submissions and lack of client feedback. These data support further studies utilizing resource provision to further enhance client self-efficacy.

  • First Presenter: Beatriz Marinez , Radiation Therapy

    In order to control the effect of obesity and emaciation, we estimated body mass from the femoral head, and then compared the results with McHenry’s (1992) “elbow” regression formulae. Results indicate that McHenry’s formulae commonly overestimate lean body mass. This study suggests that the distal humerus ("elbow") is less accurate than femoral head diameter for estimating lean body mass. These results will be discussed in the context of body mass estimation of Homo erectus.

  • First Presenter: Hope Yates, Family and Child Development 

    Co-Presenters: Victoria Tintori, Kammille Harvey, Ruby Hernandez, Edna Alfaro, PhD 

    The two main goals in this study were as follows:  (1) examine the relations of both mothers’ and fathers’ support and Latinx college students’ (N = 316) school motivation, (2) examine if cultural values (i.e., familism and traditional gender role values) moderated the relations among academic support and Latinx college students’ school motivation. Findings indicated a positive relation between mothers’ academic support and school motivation. This relation was stronger when higher levels of familism were reported. Fathers’ academic support was not related to school motivation; this relation was not moderated by traditional cultural values. These results suggest that equipping Latina mothers with ways to provide academic support may enable universities to increase Latinx college students’ school motivation. Additionally, reinforcing the value of familism may be a means to foster Latinx students’ academic outcomes. 

  • First Presenter: Alexander Little, Engineering

    Traditional farming is extremely dependent on environmental factors, uses excessive amounts of fresh water, uses huge amounts of land, and has low profit margins. Other alternatives must be explored to feed the exponentially growing population and reduce environmental impact. Indoor hydroponic systems are a potential solution since they allow all aspects needed to grow a plant to be controlled year-round which increases output and potential profits. In addition, they use a small fraction of the space and water. There are some large-scale commercial systems in operation, but the market is still dominated by traditional techniques. This is due to the hydroponic farms’ startup cost, labor cost, high risk of system failure, and small initial profit margin. This research minimizes these obstacles by applying lean manufacturing techniques. Lean manufacturing is an established technique commonly used in industry to reduce waste in a system. The seven industrial lean wastes were translated to hydroponic waste then by analyzing current hydroponics systems and developing performance measures for each type of waste we implemented waste reduction in each category. These results proved that lean techniques can be applied and improve far more than manufacturing applications. 

  • First Presenter: Dora Borrego, Psychology

    I am studying the use of innovative rhetoric used by two well-known literary geniuses. There are a plethora of writing elements that, when taught, are depicted as the foundation of creative articulation (Hart, 2014). Furthermore, poetry is commonly known as a form of literature meant to be spoken out loud. However, there seems to be a historical lack of intellectual support for lyricism in African American Pop Music (Westhoff, 2011). From the origins of hip-hop, there has been a significant struggle to have rap be considered a derivative of poetry. I intend to rival traditional renaissance pieces to postmodern lyricism. 

    In order to make a direct comparison of works from these eras, this poster will compare specific literary elements created and used by William Shakespeare to that of rap legend Dwayne Carter, Jr. By analyzing the use of rhyme schemes, metaphors and storytelling of both artists, it should be possible to indicate the points at which each actually influenced English vocabulary and writing styles (Freeman, 2000). The three most popular pieces from these hypothetical contenders have been thoroughly critiqued, as well as the three most saturated with rhetoric created by them. The poster will display background information, lyrical analysis and comparison of Shakespeare to Lil’ Wayne.

    Citations

    Brown, F. P. (1999). Performing the Word: African-American Poetry as Vernacular Culture (p. 29). New Brunswick, NJ: Rutgers University Press.
    Hart, Jonathan. "The Sonnets." Shakespearean Criticism, edited by Lawrence J. Trudeau, vol. 152, Gale, 2014. Literature Criticism Online. Accessed 6 Feb. 2019. Originally published in Shakespeare, Palgrave Macmillan, 2009, pp. 45-70.
    Freeman, M. (2000). Poetry and the scope of metaphor: Toward a cognitive theory of literature. Metaphor and metonymy at the crossroads. A cognitive perspective, pp. 253-283.
    Westhoff, B. (2011). Dirty South: OutKast, Lil Wayne, Soulja Boy, and the Southern Rappers Who Reinvented Hip-Hop, p. 3. Chicago Review Press.
     

  • First Presenter: Samantha Trinh, Marketing

    Co-Presenters: Javier, Gutierrez, Jessi McCarty

    Approximately 1.5 million shelter animals in the U.S. are euthanized annually. Animal homelessness in the U.S. is a community challenge that stems from overpopulation and lack of adoptions. Scientific studies show pets:
    •    Improve quality of life 
    •    Reduce stress
    •    Lower blood pressure

    Animal shelters enable pet adoptions, particularly the Austin Animal Center (AAC) that shelters more than 16,000 animals every year. While following a No-Kill Plan, one of the shelter’s missions is to increase dog adoption rates. 

    We are following this mission by applying machine learning techniques with data provided by AAC. Our objective is to study dog adoption patterns to classify the dog breeds to be adopted and the underlying factors. This can help US Animal Shelters implement strategic public education, awareness, and marketing campaigns. 
     

  • First Presenter: Grace Green , Exploratory Professional

    This research project is aimed at answering the question, “How and why did the the infamous rap group N.W.A rise to fame so quickly and with so much force?”. I am answering this question by looking at the market, which the group targeted. The members rose from the depths of Los Angeles, where drugs, violence, and poverty were at an all-time high. Previous scholars have written about the climate of Los Angeles, and I will use this research to describe the variables that make up the target market N.W.A was trying to reach. Scholars have also provided background research on each member of the rap group and their connection to the travesties plaguing LA during the late 1980s. I used the literature written on the members of N.W.A and lyrics from their most influential songs to dissect the effect that their presence had on the people in their intended market. By dissecting the market first, I am better able to connect the cause of the quick rise of fame to the experiences of the members of N.W.A. This poster will display the variables of the target market and the tactics and experiences used and shared by the “gangsta rap” group N.W.A to provide reasoning for the massive success shared by the genre and the group’s members. 


    Bradley, Adam, et al. The Anthology of Rap. New Haven: Yale University Press., 2010. 

    Feagin, Joe R., et al. “Chapter 5: The Racial Profile of Police Brutality.” White Racism: The Basics, by Joe R. Feagin, Hernan Vera, and Pinar Batur. New York: Routledge, 2000. pp. 117–151.

    Ho, Bonnie. “Teaching by Example.” Registered Nurse: Journal of Patient Advocacy, vol. 102, no. 9, Nov. 2006, p. 14.

    Kennedy, Gerrick D. Parental Discretion is Advised: The Rise of NWA and the Dawn of Gangsta Rap. New York: Simon and Schuster, 2017. 

    Kenyatta, Kelly. You Forgot about Dre!: The Unauthorized Biography of Dr. Dre and Eminem: from NWA to Slim Shady, a Tale of Gangsta Rap, Violence, and Hit Records. Los Angeles: Busta Books, 2001.

    Lee, W. “Poverty and Welfare Dependency: The Case of Los Angeles County in the 1980s.” Environment & Planning A (Print), no. 3, 1997, p. 443.

    Lindores, Mark. “NWA.” Mixmag, no. 293, Oct. 2015, p. 82.

    McCann, Bryan J. The Mark of Criminality : Rhetoric, Race, and Gangsta Rap in the War-on-Crime Era. Tuscaloosa: University Alabama Press, 2017..

    McCann, Bryan J. “Contesting the Mark of Criminality: Race, Place, and the Prerogative of Violence in NWA’s Straight Outta Compton.” Critical Studies in Media Communication, vol. 29, no. 5, 2012, pp. 367–386. 

    Murch, Donna. “Crack in Los Angeles: Crisis, Militarization, and Black Response to the Late Twentieth-Century War on Drugs.” Journal of American History, vol. 102, no. 1, June 2015, pp. 162–173.

    Persley, Nicole Hodges. "A Timeline of Hip Hop History." Icons of Hip Hop: An Encyclopedia of the Movement, Music, and Culture, ed. by Mickey Hess. Westport, CT: Greenwood, 2007. pp 293-317.

    Pride, William M., and O. C. Ferrell. Foundations of Marketing, 8th edition, Boston: Cengage Learning, 2017.

    Whitaker, Matthew C. Peace Be Still : Modern Black America from World War II to Barack Obama. Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press, 2013. 
    Verkerk, W. A. I’m Talking About Bass: Rap music’s perspective on the crack epidemic and the federal’s War on Drugs (1985-1992). B.S. thesis, Utrecht University. 2017.

  • First Presenter: Kyle Lauterbach, Agriculture

    Microgreens are young edible plants that are grown from a variety of vegetables and herbs and are harvested as seedlings. Studies have shown that the young leaves have four to six times more nutrients than the mature versions of the same crop. Combining greater nutrient density with the growing popularity of microgreens being used in restaurants and sold in stores, production is in demand and becoming more profitable. Common methods to produce microgreens rely on commercially sourced fertilizer, however, this input is usually expensive, especially if it is organically certified and sourced from non-local resources.  Therefore, this study investigates the effectiveness of using an organic, locally developed aerated vermicompost tea (AVCT) as a nutrient solution against a commercial synthetic fertilizer. Vermicompost tea is a nutrient solution that is produced from vermicompost, which is the use of worms to decompose food waste into castings. The advantages of this method include less labor-intensive work, can be done year-round, and the availability of modification for production and storage. Organic AVCT will be prepared in an actively aerated brewer using vermicompost and rainwater.  Three species of microgreens, arugula (Eruca sativa), cilantro (Coriandrum sativum), and basil (Ocimum basilicum), will be grown hydroponically in a greenhouse to test the effectiveness of ACVT as a fertilizer.  After each crop cycle, the microgreens will be harvested, weighed for fresh biomass, and followed up with a plant tissue mineral analysis.  Nutrient density of the three microgreen crops using commercial fertilizer and AVCT will be evaluated.

  • First Presenter: Madison Wilbanks, Biology 

    Different people like different types of music and have different listening habits. Previous studies have discussed factors that contribute to musical preferences (Vella & Mills, 2017), what happens in the brain when a person is listening to music (Barnes, 2015), and what effects listening to music can have on someone (Halliday, 2019; Millet, 2019; and others1). This poster will connect these concepts, presenting hypotheses on how brain processes may result in such effects. This will be accompanied by a discussion of existing sources on these topics and the connections between them as well as diagrams of the brain.
    Research has shown that there is a correlation between music preference / usage and certain personality traits. This poster will display information about what can contribute to an individual’s particular music preference – factors such as age, familiarity, gender, and mood – and include a list of personality traits and what types of music they are more likely to favor. Then, it will explain what effects music preference and usage can have on some aspects of behavior, such as driving performance and working efficiency, and provide possible explanations for these effects based on what goes on in the brain. Music produces some type of reaction in all of the major sections of the brain, so it is expected that it would cause several different effects within a person.


    References:
    Barnes, T. (2015). Here's What Happens Inside Your Brain When You Listen to Music, in 3 Mind-Blowing GIFs. Retrieved from https://mic.com/articles/119856/this-is-what-happens-inside-your-brain-when-you-hear-a-song#.Jj5nE5nKj

    Christopher, E. A., & Shelton, J. T. (2017). Individual differences in working memory predict the effect of music on student performance. Journal of Applied Research in Memory and Cognition, 6(2), 167-173.

    Halliday, A. J. (2019). Bridging music and organizational psychology: Everyday music uses and preferences and the prediction of organizational behaviour. Personality and Individual Differences, 139, 263-276.

    Kantono, K., Hamid, N., Shepherd, D., Lin, Y. H. T., Brard, C., Grazioli, G., & Carr, B. T. (2018). The effect of music on gelato perception in different eating contexts. Food Research International, 113, 43-56.

    Levitin, D. J. (2006). This is your brain on music: The science of a human obsession. Penguin.

    Martin-Saavedra, J. S., Vergara-Mendez, L. D., & Talero-Gutierrez, C. (2018). Music is an effective intervention for the management of pain: An umbrella review. Complementary therapies in clinical practice, 32, 103-114.

    Millet, B., Ahn, S., & Chattah, J. (2019). The impact of music on vehicular performance: A meta-analysis. Transportation Research Part F: Traffic Psychology and Behaviour, 60, 743-760.

    Music Preferences by Personality Type. (2017). Retrieved from https://www.16personalities.com/articles/music-preferences-by-personality-type

    Stefanija, L., Schuler, N., Eerola, T., Graham, R., Nering, V., & Veselinovic-Hofman, M. (2010). Musical listening habits of college students in Finland, Slovenia, South Africa, and Texas: similarities and differences. Peter Lang.

    Vella, E. J., & Mills, G. (2017). Personality, Uses of Music, and Music Preference: The Influence of Openness to Experience and Extraversion. Psychology of Music, 45(3), 338–354.

    Yi, F., & Kang, J. (2019). Effect of background and foreground music on satisfaction, behavior, and emotional responses in public spaces of shopping malls. Applied Acoustics, 145, 408-419.

    Zeng, G., Schadschneider, A., Zhang, J., Wei, S., Song, W., & Ba, R. (2019). Experimental study on the effect of background music on pedestrian movement at high density. Physics Letters A, 383(10), 1011-1018.
     

  • First Presenter: Constunce Brantley, Electronic Media & Mass Communications

    This poster highlights the music during the times of the LA Riots. It examines musical artists such as Ice Cube, Ice-T, Dr. Dre and NWA. After giving background information on these artists and the actual event of the riot itself, I am highlighting the lyrics of these artists. This poster will show the prevalence of violence in these artists lyrics and them reflecting on the LA Riots. For example, Ice Cube uses lyrics that discuss poverty and police brutality and rapping about how those growing up see this as their future.

    My past research links violence in the black community to the music of certain artists. I have found published articles that relate lyrics to the LA Riots, and I will use that to further my research on the poster. The poster will display song lyrics lining up with the historical and political developments of the LA Riots. My poster will also display all background information regarding the riots, lyric analyses, and visual aids of the riots. 

  • First Presenter: Nohely Gonzalez, Psychology

    In 2007, rapper Kanye West announced that his album, entitled Graduation, was to be released on September 11th of the same year. Incidentally, September 11th of 2007 was the exact date that rapper 50 Cent was slated to release his album Curtis. West’s announcement sparked a feud that would take over the music industry, spawning magazine interviews and media coverage, garnering more publicity for their competing albums. The first week of the release, West’s album Graduation sold a staggering 957,000 copies, while Cent’s Curtis sold 691,000. It was the second time in America since 1991 that two albums sold more than 600,000 copies in a single week (The Economist, 2018). Their feud caught the attention of the nation, and with a much wider audience eager to hear more from them, both rappers were able to profit from their rivalry. This poster summarizes the connection between the feuds that artists find themselves in, the popularity they reap from them. This was done by analyzing the timeline of the altercations between sets of feuding rappers and diss tracks written in that time, their google search volume throughout the feud if it is applicable, and album sales following the feud.
    Adaso, H. (2017, October 20). Jay Z vs. Nas: The Real Story Behind the Feud. Retrieved from https://www.thoughtco.com/jay-z-vs-nas-story-behind-the-feud-2857354
    Akingbade, T. (2018, August 11). Nicki Minaj vs Lil Kim: History of 'feud' as veteran rapper waves white flag. Retrieved from https://metro.co.uk/2018/08/11/nicki-minaj-vs-lil-kim-timeline-feud-veteran-rapper-waves-white-flag-7827772/
    Century, D. (2002, January 06). Two of Rap's Hottest Return to the Dis. Retrieved from https://www.nytimes.com/2002/01/06/style/two-of-rap-s-hottest-return-to-the-dis.html?mtrref=www.google.com&gwh=65DC72372CC4F5D3EC1DC326BC9C83C0&gwt=pay
    Crosley, H. (2010, November 26). Lil' Kim's 'Black Friday' Dis Aims For Nicki Minaj. Retrieved from http://www.mtv.com/news/2494610/nicki-minaj-lil-kim-black-friday-pink-friday/
    Harling, D. (2014, January 17). Ice Cube Says "No Vaseline" Knocked N.W.A Down Like Bowling Pins. Retrieved from https://hiphopdx.com/news/id.27105/title.ice-cube-says-no-vaseline-knocked-n-w-a-down-like-bowling-pins#
    Harvey, E., & Harvey, E. (2016, November 27). Ice Cube: Death Certificate. Retrieved from https://pitchfork.com/reviews/albums/22561-death-certificate/
    Pareles, J. (1991, December 08). POP VIEW; Should Ice Cube's Voice Be Chilled? Retrieved from https://www.nytimes.com/1991/12/08/arts/pop-view-should-ice-cube-s-voice-be-chilled.html?mtrref=www.nytimes.com&gwh=0525D126776FC288BD7DF6A031E0B9F4&gwt=pay
    Kennedy, G. D. (2017, June 30). Ice Cube reflects on the 25 years since the release of 'Death Certificate'. Retrieved from https://www.latimes.com/entertainment/music/la-et-ms-ice-cube-death-certificate-retrospect-20170630-htmlstory.html
    Nicki Minaj Chart History. (n.d.). Retrieved from https://www.billboard.com/music/nicki-minaj/chart-history/billboard-200
    Spanos, B., & Spanos, B. (2018, June 25). Readers' Poll: 5 Best Hip-Hop Diss Songs. Retrieved from https://www.rollingstone.com/music/music-lists/readers-poll-5-best-hip-hop-diss-songs-113784/
    Westhoff, B. (2016, September 09). Did Jerry Heller Actually Cheat N.W.A? Retrieved from https://www.forbes.com/sites/benwesthoff/2016/09/07/jerry-heller-nwa/#70819c3a5176
    White, O. (2018, June 20). Is the Jay-Z and Nas feud still happening? Here's a timeline of rap's biggest beef. Retrieved from https://www.newsweek.com/nas-continues-root-beyonce-jay-z-despite-unexpected-lp-overshadowing-his-985048

  • First Presenter: Aaron Rodriguez, Health & Wellness Promotion

    Co-Presenters: David Macha, Daniel Vielma, Carrillo, Soo Min Yeon

    Introduction. The purpose of this study was to conduct a partial community health needs assessment of Fort Bend County, Texas. The PRECEDE – PROCEED model was utilized to conduct the needs which included a social and epidemiological assessments. The goal of the social assessment is to define the quality of life of the priority population to analyze the community’s needs. Epidemiological assessment is to identify and rank the goals or problems that have also been identified in phase one. Methods. The social assessment evaluated quality of life, socio-economic, and demographic indicators, while the epidemiological assessment analyzed different indicators such as natality, mortality, morbidity and trauma. The data were collected from state and federal databases and compiled into tables to perform a comparative analysis between Fort Bend County, The Woodlands-Houston-Sugar Land MSA (Greater Houston), and Texas. Results. The data display, a high rate of mortality from heart disease in Fort Bend County. When compared to Texas, Fort Bend County showed a lower heart disease mortality rate, but higher rate or percent (which did you use) in overweight or obese individuals. Additionally, physical activity level in age group 18-29 in Fort Bend County was higher in sufficiently inactive or inactive individuals than Texas. Discussion. A prioritization matrix was utilized to identify and determine heart disease as the priority health issue. Risk factors of heart disease include overweight or obese and physical activity levels. Further research is needed to determine the develop a health promotion program to address the identified priority health issue.

  • First Presenter: Kassandra Chapa, Psychology 

    Co-Presenters: Britney Baker

    African American and Latinx children are known to have more behavior problems (Yale JL and Human,2000). Research has shown that negativity in the teacher’s interactions with students is related to more disciplinary infractions, a representation of children’s behaviors problems (Hamre and Pianta, 2001). Although the adverse effects of having teacher-child interactions characterized by negativity has been examined, it is unclear how negativity in teacher-child interactions vary by race of the students. The purpose of this study is to determine whether negative teacher-child interactions vary by the proportion of students in the classroom identified as Caucasian, African American, or Latinx. The current study examined one main hypothesis, there would be more observed negativity in teacher-child interactions for classrooms with majority African American or Latinx students, compared to classrooms with majority Caucasian students. The data set for this study comes from the National Center for Early Development and Learning (NCEDL) Multi-State Study of Pre-Kindergarten. Preschool children (N =2892) included in the current study majority were White (48.5%), followed by Latinx (34.1%), and African American (22.8%). Over 50 % of the children had families that reported being at or below 150% of the poverty line. Teachers mostly White (64.6%), followed by Hispanic (14.2%), African American (11.0%), and multicultural (7.9%). An analysis of variance (ANOVA) will be used to examine differences in amounts of observed negativity in teacher-child interactions based on race composition of the classroom.  Findings and implications will be discussed. 

  • First Presenter: Jordon Hilliard, Chemistry & Biochemistry

    The use of non-aqueous redox flow batteries for grid scale energy storage offers a higher capacity of storage relative to common lithium ion batteries. A key requirement for organic molecules to function as energy storage materials is highly reversible, multi-electron redox processes. One major research thrust in the Hudnall group focuses on the synthesis of cationic organic molecules which feature highly reversible and tunable redox properties. Current research efforts are inspired by viologen, a common anolyte used in redox flow batteries, and are aimed at preparing novel anolyte materials where one N-methylpyridinium moiety of the viologen is replaced by extended planar π-conjugated systems. Thus, this research presentation will describe our efforts to prepare viologen derivatives containing N-methylacridinium and xanthenium cationic groups which both undergo highly-reversible one electron redox events. Additionally, the insertion of a π-conjugated 2,6-bis(dimethylamino)anthraquinone network between the N-methylpyridinium cations of viologen to further enhance the redox stability will be discussed. 

  • First Presenter: Adriana Weaver, Family and Consumer Sciences

    Co-Presenters: Kallie Lamkin

    Background: Research shows that 40.6% of Texas State University undergraduates are food insecure. Food insecurity has been shown to reduce fruit and vegetable intake and to adversely affect health. Food pantries help alleviate hunger among college students by providing healthy foods at no cost. The foods distributed at food pantries vary widely, depending upon the source and type of donations. Therefore, studies analyzing the nutritional quality of distributed food are rarely representative. Bobcat Bounty (BCB), the on-campus food pantry at Texas State, distributes food once a week and receives food primarily from the Hays County Food Bank. The purpose of this study is to describe the food distributed by BCB and assess its nutritional adequacy.

    Methods: During weekly pantries, foods were categorized according to their perishability and their food group. Food groupings were based on the Choose Your Foods diabetes exchange lists. Each food item was hand-counted. Food in each group was weighed. Inventory data (weights, numbers of items, and types of foods) were recorded in Qualtrics. Inventory data was analyzed using Microsoft Excel.

    Results: BCB distributed 13,366 kg of food between summer and fall of 2018. Preliminary results indicate that grains (22.5% of total kg) and vegetables (22% of total kg) represent the highest percentage of foods distributed, and dairy (1%) and fruit (3.8%) the lowest. Nutritional data indicate overall healthfulness of distributed food. 
    Conclusion:
    By partnering with a local food bank, food pantries can distribute a variety of nutritionally dense foods to their clients. 
     

  • First Presenter: Madison Segovia, Communication Disorders

    Dementia is defined as the loss of cognitive functioning and behavioral abilities to the extent that they interfere with an individual’s daily life. Persons with dementia may seek treatment or therapy from a variety of health care professionals, including but not limited to, nurses, speech language pathologists, and physical therapists. Due to the rising incidence of dementia in the world, it is important that future clinicians be properly trained to manage patients with dementia. The current study used an adapted version of the Dementia Attitudes Scale (DAS) to measure the knowledge and attitudes of Texas State University health professions students. The participants included undergraduate and graduate students in the Communication Disorders (CDIS), Physical Therapy (PT), and Nursing (NURS) programs. Preliminary analysis revealed that greater proportion of PT students reported positive attitudes towards persons with dementia, followed by NURS and CDIS students. PT students reported greater knowledge about dementia, followed by NURS and then CDIS. A greater proportion of undergraduate students reported positive attitudes towards persons with dementia when compared to graduate students. However, greater proportion of graduate students reported a greater knowledge about dementia when compared to undergraduate students. Results will be discussed in terms of how curriculum content regarding dementia in the specific programs and personal interactions with those with dementia influenced the results. This is the first study to compare dementia perceptions between health professions programs.

  • First Presenter: DeAngelo Harris, Computer Information Systems

    Co-Presenters: William Shadrach, Beau Winter

    Our research explores the relationships between profitability and risk in the Lending Club’s lending portfolio. The “Lending Club Loan Data” dataset, consisting of nearly 900,000 records and 80 variables, is available through Kaggle.com.

    We will analyze the dataset, through various analytical methods to gain insight on the following: customer demographics, loan amount distribution, distribution of loan status (repaid, in default, and current), loan book growth over time, and reasons that loans were applied for and/or granted. We determine which variables are most relevant to analyzing risk and profitability, and we analyze those variables by using the following algorithms: Linear and Logistic Regression, Association, Clustering, and Deep Learning Neural Network Models. 

    Specifically, we conduct Linear and Logistic regression to examine correlation between variables and to build predictive models using those variables of interest. We also utilize Aprori Association to discover frequent combinations of attributes among borrowers. Attributes shared among borrowers create if/then relationships, known as rules, which can guide lending actions. We then utilize K-Means Clustering to analyze groups of our borrowers’ while removing pre-conceived notions of labels on our data. This method mathematically groups, or clusters, customers for our analysis. Lastly, we use Deep Learning Neural Network Models to make predictions on risk and profitability in our dataset. Our goal is to build a robust model that uses demographic and financial aspects of borrowers, such as income, verification status (joint or single), and employment history to predict whether a loan will be repaid (profit) or defaulted on (loss).

     

  • First Presenter: Chloe Butler, Psychology

    Co-Presenters: Chelsea Zawadzki, Andrea Stephens

    The purpose of this study is to see if basic skills in reading are related to computer science learning. Two basic reading skills might be important, decoding and sight word reading. For this project, students are learning in a Scratch computer science curriculum designed for upper elementary students. This research method is quantitative and correlational. It will compare the results of basic reading assessments to computer science assessments. The study is being conducted in the Austin Independent School district. One hundred-ninety-seven fourth grade students are enrolled in the study. Dependent measures in reading include the non-sense word and sight word subtests from the Test of Word Reading Efficiency, and the computer science assessment is based on student projects and is scored using a rubric. We have completed collecting data and are currently scoring assessments and preparing data for analysis. It is anticipated, that preliminary results will be ready to present in the poster. We plan to report correlations between (a) nonsense word reading and scores on Scratch products and (b) sight word reading and scores on Scratch products. We anticipate that findings from this study can help us to learn if basic reading skills are related to elementary computer science learning. This will help developers of computer science platforms for kids to design better and more accessible curriculum so that all children can learn. 

  • First Presenter: Tien Tang, Radiation Therapy

    This literature review provides the opportunity to explore the struggles, challenges, and coping mechanisms of children and adolescents during cancer treatment. Most cancers get treated by surgery, chemotherapy, and radiation therapy, however the findings reveal that cancer treatment impacts their lives physically, psychologically, and emotionally. Sometimes it can be stressful for everyone, mostly their family and themselves. The findings also revealed the parents and sibling are the children first line of care and support, in which can help them going through tough time. This manuscript describes the life of the children and adolescents during cancer treatment based on the literature review of different resources. Also, as this paper goes on, it includes a sub theme on children and adolescent decision on the EOL preferences. Furthermore, some sources revealed different coping strategies and distractions that help to combat children and adolescents’ struggles and challenges. Most of resources were gathered from Texas State Library Search Engine online database, Science Direct. Moreover, with many studies showed that the children and adolescent still facing the struggles and challenges, with little support from school. Additional studies and programs could provide intervention and reduction of the struggles and challenges.  

  • First Presenter: Michael Koontz, International Studies 

    This poster is about how queer artists in modern African-American popular music, mostly rap, have started to make their way into the main stage. The focus of this poster is a gay rapper by the stage name of Cakes Da Killa. The poster will discuss how homosexuality affects media attention and the dichotomy between wanting to be a successful gay artist, but also being an artist first, not just a “gay artist.” Previous research on this topic is scarce. Most previous writings on this topic fall short of peer-review, but certain secondary sources are ‘scholarly’ (revenue reports, etc.). This poster will attempt to shine light on the perception of the queer community. By perception I mean both how the queer community views artists within identities of the queer community and how the media, the industry, and the hip-hop culture perceives those who go under the label of queer, and finally how those same people view the label itself.
    The poster will contain excerpts from interview interviews with and lyrics by Cakes himself. When focusing on perception it will mostly come from quoting industry leads and opinion pieces based on the topic at hand.
     
    Bibliography:
    Burney, Lawrence. “Cakes Da Killa Wants to Shift Our Focus.” Noisey, VICE, 20 Oct. 2016, noisey.vice.com/en_us/article/nne3z7/cakes-da-killa-wants-to-shift-our-focus.
    “Cakes Da Killa.” Genius, Genius Media Group Inc., genius.com/artists/Cakes-da-killa.
    “Features | A Quietus Interview | American Hedonist: Cakes Da Killa Interviewed.” The Quietus, thequietus.com/articles/21283-cakes-da-killa-interview.
    Tanzer, Myles. “Cakes Da Killa Is Ready To Be Appreciated.” The FADER, The FADER, 8 Nov. 2017, www.thefader.com/2016/10/21/cakes-da-killa-hedonism-interview.

  • First Presenter: Hallie Janysek, Psychology 

    Co-Presenters: Kayci Wheeler

    Previous research has shown that adolescents use of social media is related to their personalities (Savci, Aysan, (2007)). Specifically, adolescents who are introverted are more likely to use social media as a means to communicate with peers. The purpose of the proposed study is to investigate social media use and personality traits for young adults (i.e. college students). We will attempt to answer two research questions: 1) in college aged students do certain personality types (i.e. introverted, extroverted) have an increased tendency to use social media and 2) what the trends in purposes college students identify for using social media such as networking, meeting new friends, world news, etc. We surveyed undergraduate students (N=472) at Texas State University. Using the Five Factor Model Personality Traits (Five-Factor Model. (n.d.)) measure social media use.  We hypothesize that students who self-identify as introverts will utilize social media platforms at a higher rate than students who identify as extroverts. We also hypothesize that students who self-identify as introverted are more likely to become addicted to social media platforms. Correlations and t-test analyses will be used to examine the study hypotheses. Results and the implications of the study findings will be discussed. 

  • First Presenter: Indigo Scivally, Communication Studies 

    This poster studies the tedious relationship between an artist and their art, specifically, Kanye West. Kanye has been a man of extreme controversy for his entire career, from claiming George Bush doesn’t care about black people, to proudly wearing a Make America Great Again hat. However, despite this controversy, he still remains one of the most successful rappers of the 21st century. The purpose of this poster is to analyze society’s complex relationship to artists, especially to artists that are not particularly likable, or ethically appealing. There has been a considerable amount of public commentary on this subject; however, actual academic research is somewhat lacking. This poster seeks to analyze public opinion of Kanye West and how that translates to his financial and overall career success. Examining his most recent album, which was released following extreme controversy regarding his political beliefs, debuted at number one on the Billboard Hot 100. This research investigates whether or not controversy is a diminishing factor in an artist's career. Although the public opinion of Kanye has been overwhelmingly negative, the support for his music remains the same. This is the dichotomy of art as a consumable product. As consumers we cannot always successfully disregard the value of art, even if the artist is someone we vehemently disagree with. It ultimately suggests that moral and ethical reasonings are not the deciding factor in the consumption of art, but rather it is the quality of the art itself.  

    References  

    Caulfield, K. (2018). Kanye West earns eighth no. 1 album on billboard 200 chart with “Ye”.  

    Retrieved from https://www.billboard.com/articles/columns/chart-beat/8460189/kanye-west-eighth-no-1-album-billboard-200-ye 

    Espinoza, J. (2018, October 10). Can we separate "the art" from the "artist"? Retrieved from  

    https://www.complex.com/music/2018/06/can-we-separate-art-from-artist 

    John Legend on Kanye West, making political music and morality in art. (2019). The New York  

    Times Magazine, 13. Retrieved from http://libproxy.txstate.edu/login?url=http://search.ebscohost.com.libproxy.txstate.edu/login.aspx?direct=true&db=edsgbc&AN=edsgcl.575489532&site=eds-live&scope=site 

    Keller, J. (2018, October 8). Why we should separate the artist Kanye from the person – DU Clarion. Retrieved from https://duclarion.com/2018/10/why-we-should-separate-the-artist-kanye-from-the-person/ 

    Proulx, N. (2017, November 28). Can You Separate Art From the Artist? Retrieved from  

    https://www.nytimes.com/2017/11/28/learning/can-you-separate-art-from-the-artist.html 

    Shepherd, B. (2018). Yes, Kanye Matters. Washingtonian Magazine, 54(3), 11. Retrieved from  

    http://libproxy.txstate.edu/login?url=http://search.ebscohost.com.libproxy.txstate.edu/login.aspx?direct=true&db=f6h&AN=133267241&site=eds-live&scope=site 

    Suarez, G. (2018, June 01). Why hasn't Kanye West been 'cancelled'? Retrieved from  

    https://www.theguardian.com/music/2018/jun/01/kanye-west-ye-new-album-cancelled 

  • First Presenter: Laurel Rominger, Exercise & Sports Science

    Co-Presenters: Alyssa Guerrero, Mercedes Farias, Emonya Bostic, Kristan Cazares

    This study utilized the PRECEDE-PROCEED model to present a social and epidemiology assessment of Smith County, Region 4/5N, and Texas. The purpose of this overall health assessment was to identify priority health issues within Smith County. Methods. Secondary data were gathered to evaluate demographics, socioeconomic factors, and quality of life indicators. Descriptive epidemiological data of Smith County involving natality, mortality, morbidity, and trauma were compared to that of Region 4/5N and the state of Texas. Tables were formulated to show a statistical comparative analysis by utilizing rates, percentages, and percent differences. Results. The data displayed Smith County residents had high mortality rates of heart disease. Overall prenatal care was better in the state of Texas than in Smith County, while Smith County had higher rates of sexually transmitted diseases (STDs). Leading causes of trauma in the county were unintentional falls and motor vehicle accidents, both of which were more prevalent in Smith County when compared to the state of Texas. Discussion. A prioritization matrix was utilized to determine that heart disease is the priority health issue within Smith County. Health behaviors such as tobacco usage and physical inactivity, along with insufficient funds for medical care, could be risk factors contributing to the heart disease prevalence in Smith County. 

  • First Presenter: Majid Marwan Dakkak, Health and Human Performance

    Co-Presenters: Margarito Ledezma, Garrett Runnels, Landon De La Cruz 

    This research project presents the findings of a partial needs assessment for Lubbock County, Texas, that utilized components of the PRECEDE-PROCEED model. This study identifies the priority health issues affecting the Lubbock County population. Method. Secondary data were used to collect data on demographic, socioeconomic, epidemiological data, and quality of life indicators that affect Lubbock County. Peer-reviewed articles were also utilized to help support conclusions drawn between health issues and indicators. The data were analyzed using a comparative analysis to present discrepancies between county and state data. Results. Lubbock County residents displayed similar trends as the state of Texas when it came to diabetes, tobacco users, physical activity, excessive drinking, morbidity, and natality. Between Lubbock County and Texas, there were discrepancies in epidemiological data when it came to mortality and trauma. The data illustrated that Lubbock County had higher rates of heart disease, cancer, and unintentional falls compared to the State of Texas. Discussion. The prioritization matrix determined that heart disease was the most important and most changeable health issue in Lubbock County. Behavioral risk factors associated with heart disease include lack of exercise and poor eating habits.  

  • First Presenter: Jessica Priest, Exercise & Sports Science

    Co-Presenters: Courtney Kanady, Alexis Sanchez, Andrew Mapps,

    This research project presents a health needs assessment for Tarrant County, Texas utilizing the PRECEDE- PROCEDE program planning model. The goal of the needs assessment were to determine the gaps between the current conditions and the desired conditions with Tarrant County.  Method. Secondary data were collected from state and federal databases. The first phase of the PRECEDE – PROCEDE model consisted of a social assessment and included data on demographics, quality of life, and socioeconomic indicators. The second phase was an epidemiological assessment which included natality, mortality, morbidity, and trauma data. Comparative data tables were created to identify potential health disparities between the state of Texas and Tarrant County. Results. The comparative analysis displayed Tarrant County to have more access to healthy food options based on the food environment index when compared to Texas. However, fewer residents in the county consume the recommended amount of fruits and vegetables. The physical activity levels in Tarrant County were also lower than the American College of Sports Medicine guidelines and when compared to the state, Tarrant County displayed higher Body Mass Index (BMI) scores. Discussion. Based on the data from the social and epidemiological assessment data, it was determined that the priority health condition in Tarrant County is cardiovascular disease. Physical inactivity and poor diet may contribute to the elevated BMI scores in the county which is a risk factor for cardiovascular disease. 

  • First Presenter: Cristina Rodriguez, Chemistry & Biochemistry

    Co-Presenters: Kayla Lomas

    This poster will analyze Early 2000s hip hop artists, particularly Soulja Boy's qualities in utilizing technology to popularize songs and how that transcended hip hop towards the trajectory that it is today. Soulja Boy's rise to fame through YouTube, his illegal use of LimeWire, and his influential style in becoming one of the first modern artists to come up with a dance that went along with a song are a few of the many aspects that attribute to his influence of modern day hip hop. Previous literature has expressed it takes more than rapping to make it in the music pop culture scene. In 2000, a Billboard writer reported the shift from the traditional rap and hip-hop artist to the new and innovative artist that fits an emerging vibe of technology. The rapper declares his influence in the recent The Breakfast Club interview by begging the question of who is the Godfather of New Wave Hip-Hop (The Breakfast Club, 2019).  
    Soulja Boy declares he added something unique to the Hip-Hop and Rap game, and literature describing hip hop culture is abundant, but little literature exists investigating Soulja Boy's influence. Research methods and sources are acquired through analytical observation of trends, popularity ratings, music charts and awards, record sales, and self-reports of other artist proclaiming their influence from Soulja Boy. This research is important, because it can aid future artists and producers to understand what it takes to progress music and remain relevant in rapidly changing times. 

    References
    Concepcion, M. (2008, Dec 13). Soulja of fortune. Billboard - the International Newsweekly of Music, Video and Home Entertainment, 120, 22-24. Retrieved fromhttp://libproxy.txstate.edu/login?url=https://search-proquest-com.libproxy.txstate.edu/docview/1017433?accountid=5683
    "Did Soulja Boy Pave The Way For The New Generation Of Hip-Hop Artist? | The Breakfast Club | Power 105.1 FM." The Breakfast Club, Iheart.com, 17 Jan. 2019, power1051.iheart.com/featured/breakfast-club/content/2019-01-17-did-soulja-boy-pave-the-way-for-the-new-generation-of-hip-hop-artist/.
    FM, Breakfast Club Power 105.1. "Soulja Boy Drags Tyga, Drake, Kanye West & Reclaims The Best Comeback Of 2018." YouTube, YouTube, 16 Jan. 2019, www.youtube.com/watch?v=Kp5A_1UAJog.
    Kenon, M. (2000). Rap/hip-hop spotlight 2: New breed 2001: Hip-hop's next stars. Billboard, 112(50), 46-46,56.
    Phillips, Yoh. "How Soulja Boy & Myspace Brought Hip-Hop Into the Internet Era." DJBooth,         DJBooth, 24 Mar. 2016, djbooth.net/features/2016-03-24-soulja-boy-myspace-internet. Accessed 4 February 2019.
    Pierre, Alphonse, and Theresa Chromati. "Soulja Boy Is the Most Influential Rapper of His Generation." Noisey, VICE, 6 Oct. 2017, noisey.vice.com/en_us/article/xwg7bn/soulja-boy-is-the-most-influential-rapper-of-his-generation. Accessed 11 February 2019.
    Soulja boy says He's influenced the new class of hip-hop. (2018, Dec 10). Vibe (Online), Retrieved from http://libproxy.txstate.edu/login?url=https://search-proquest-com.libproxy.txstate.edu/docview/2153816928?accountid=5683
    Staff, DX. "Soulja Boy, Will.i.am, Akon Take YouTube Live." HipHopDX, HipHopDX, 12 Nov. 2008, hiphopdx.com/news/id.8073/title.soulja-boy-will-i-am-akon-take-youtube-live#. Accessed 5 February 2019.
    Swiboda, M. (2014). When beats meet critique: Documenting hip-hop sampling as critical practice. Critical Studies in Improvisation - Etudes Critiques En Improvisation, 10(1), 1-11. Retrieved from http://libproxy.txstate.edu/login?url=https://search-proquest-com.libproxy.txstate.edu/docview/1727335043?accountid=5683
    Westhoff, B. (2011). Dirty South: Outkast, Lil Wayne, Soulja Boy, and the Southern   rappers who reinvented hip-hop. Chicago: Chicago Review Press.
     

  • First Presenter: Ramy Sahouri, Computer Information Systems

    Co-Presenters: Tahsin Momin, Pablo V. Franco-Olvera

    The goal of this project is to utilize the Federal Reserve Economic Data (FRED) website. We will perform extensive research about pertaining topics with in the range of statistical factors such as GDP and economic related fabrications that take effect daily in various countries such as Malaysia and the United States.

    After observing various changing factors with in both economies, the main focus on the growth of the GDP is the acceleration of the foreign currency exchange rates. It is prosperly affected by statical factors such as aggregate demand, supply, and many statistical models such as regression. Plot factors suggested a very negative GDP correlation with inflation and interest which affect the growth of productivity.

    In conclusion, these various economic factors will determine what affects the countries in interest.

  • First Presenter: Lauren Christenson, Industrial Engineering

     Fresh e-commerce is a form of recently developed e-commerce that is coveted by many businesses. With the help of new retailing, fresh e-commerce has opened a new chapter in online marketing of online to offline models all around the world. However, with complications of competitors, business restructuring, drawbacks in technologies, and shortage of expertise, fresh ecommerce businesses are now in a period of critical innovation. This paper discusses advantages that are influencing the market that improve ecommerce businesses specifically in fresh grocery items.  Due to this some of the biggest e-commerce giants in the world are competing to revolutionize the way people receive these everyday items.  This paper uses Amazon Fresh and Fresh Hema in the United States and China as two cases to explore the differences between countries, and to analyze the bottleneck of development in fresh e-commerce. Then, certain operation improvement to fresh ecommerce business restructuring, supply chain logistics, customer service, and operational strategy have been suggested to improve the efficiency of the overall  fresh e-commerce operation.

  • First Presenter: Lesslie Medina, Public Relations & Mass Communications

    Food insecurity is a prevalent issue on US college campuses that can and has been easily overlooked. The stresses of supporting oneself while in college have a huge impact on the quality of education that students receive and resources can be few and far between to relieve this issue.

    At Texas State, the School of Family and Consumer Sciences has created a resource for students dealing with food insecurity through a dietetic internship. There is a student-run on-campus pantry that is open to any and all students who are struggling to feed themselves. Although the food is set aside for students who display financial need, no proof of need is requested. Hence, anyone who wants to use this resource is able to do so. This program works in collaboration with the Hays County Food Bank, receiving food every week to give out healthy meal options to students. Every person working in this food bank and keeping it running is a student either working through an internship or volunteering their time. Although many students would benefit from the food bank, the number of people who know about it is small. A very valuable program on Texas State’s campus could be going unnoticed.

    Our goals in conducting this research are to examine the food insecurity experiences of students on Texas State campus; to find out the best ways to create awareness of this on-campus pantry; and to create awareness of volunteer opportunities at the pantry.

  • First Presenter: Chase D Rogers, Journalism & Mass Communications

    Co-Presenters: Hallie Osborne, Violet Martinez, Ashton Ferguson   

    Despite student housing becoming more modernized in our day and age, there are still major issues regarding on-campus living that cause a majority of students to live off-campus.
    The top three biggest issues regarding student housing the past three years, as seen broadly by all college students, are aging facilities, lack of funding, and the need for upgraded amenities (O’Connor, 2018). The current student body of Texas State University has over 34,000 undergraduates, with 20 percent of that population living in on-campus housing. We hope to find out why most students prefer to live off-campus over living on-campus despite the offered accommodations, opportunities to work on-campus jobs, a variety of food options, and community involvement. In doing this, we hope to come up with a guide to on-campus living for all prospective Texas State students to help them decide whether to live on-campus or off-campus. 
    Reference
    O’Connor, S (2018). Campus Housing: Evolving to Meet Student Needs. Accessed on
    2/26/2019. https://webcpm.com/Articles/2018/04/01/Housing-Survey.aspx?Page=1 

  • First Presenter: Jose Mayorga, Computer Science

    Co-Presenters: Hollie Wilson

    This research is being conducted to determine the support needed by elementary teachers in engaging their students in computer programming activities using a specially designed curriculum for students in Grades 4-6 and illustrating how children learn to code and methods to overcome barriers that children encounter. The software utilized is Scratch, an online icon based software developed by MIT. Through the implementation of reading comprehension strategies into the Scratch curriculum it is hypothesized to better access lower-performing students, increasing overall coding apprehension among all learning levels. Results collected from sampling in San Francisco, California will be presented as it is believed the data collected in Austin, Texas will follow similar trends

  • First Presenter: Courtney Meyers, Criminal Justice

    Co-Presenters: DMornaquah Fontenot, Laynie Jones, Angela Jones PhD

    Pretrial publicity (PTP) encompasses all media coverage of a case occurring prior to trial (Greene & Wade, 1988; Studebaker & Penrod, 1997). Negative-defendant pretrial publicity (PTP) is most common and can threaten a defendant’s right to a fair trial. Jurors exposed to this type of PTP are more likely to find the defendant guilty and view the defendant as less credible compared to those not exposed to PTP (Kerr et al., 1999; Ruva et al., 2007). Voir dire is one type of remedy the courts have proposed to combat the biasing effects of prejudicial PTP. Voir dire is used to assess potential jurors' knowledge of PTP surrounding the case and potential bias against the defendant. The social science research suggests that it is unlikely that potential jurors can adequately assess their own bias (Kerr et al., 1991). However, the state of Washington recently introduced a debiasing video to be presented to jurors just prior to voir dire. This video was designed to help jurors recognize and subsequently reduce their own unconscious biases. Data collection is currently underway to evaluate the effectiveness of this video for reducing PTP related biases. A total of 11 students have participated thus far in the 2 (PTP: negative PTP vs. unrelated) x 2 (Remedy: debiasing video vs. control) between subjects factorial design. Preliminary evidence suggests the video does not reduce bias among jurors, and may instead exacerbate the negative effects of PTP. Results for a larger sample size and implications will be discussed.

  • First Presenter: Reagan Lesli, Theatre & Dance

    The concept of music conspiracy theories can be entertaining like artist Andrew W.K. and Dave Grohl are the same person, the singer Lorde wasn’t a teenager at the time of her peak, and list goes on. go , What if a celebrity died all of a sudden? The celebrity wouldn’t have to deal with issues like paparazzi, false rumors spread about them, or crazy fans  The other conspiracies about music artists including: Tupac Shakur and Elvis Presley still being alive, the singer Jim Morrison faking his own death, and so on. The theories may sound insane to most,  but it could be possible with some celebrities. Celebrities that the media said that passed away, but were in fact still alive. In this paper, to fully understand how a conspiracy is viewed in the media, I took artists such as Tupac and critically examined their deaths and the conspiracy theories around it. I also researched if they did fake their own death, what was the intention. The poster about this research paper will fully examine the facts about the music artists Elvis Presley and Tupac Shakur and will be comparing that to the conspiracy theory about that music artist.

  • First Presenter: Katrina Fitzpatrick, Social Work

    Co-Presenters: Diana Dominguez, Erin Hamby, John Wright

    Academic entitlement is the self-perception that a student deserves to receive good grades in their classes, regardless of the actual effort made or quality of their work. The research question we plan to investigate is, “How do demographic factors including socioeconomic background, household structure, parents’ generation, and English as a second language correlate to academic entitlement?” We distributed surveys via campus e-mail to undergraduate students to self-report their experiences, including demographic questions as part of a study on academic entitlement. In order to determine if a correlation exists between academic entitlement and socioeconomic background, we asked the participants for a broad estimate of their parents’ annual income, then compared that data to their responses on the academic entitlement survey. A question to determine household structure was included on the survey, as several studies have separately linked academic entitlement and family structure to parenting styles and locus of control, however little research has been done to determine a direct relationship between family structure and academic entitlement. We will study the relationship between the generational assignment of parents and the undergraduate student displaying academic entitlement in order to determine which parental generations have the strongest correlation to academic entitlement in students. Finally, there has been little research reflecting how English as a second language may impact a student’s sense of entitlement. A question regarding whether English is the primary language spoken in the student’s home was included in the questionnaire to determine any correlation to academic entitlement.

  • First Presenter: Allison Manning, Engineering

    Co-Presenters: Albert Nandin

    With over 2. 1 billion people lacking safe drinking water in their home, the insufficiency of consumable water is a predominant issue affecting much of human existence. Atmospheric water generation can provide a reliable alternative source of water to combat this issue. There is a variety of developed atmospheric water generation systems. This research uses a system with thermoelectric cooling devices, called a Peltier, to lower the sheet metal’s temperature below the dew point and produce condensation for water collection. The objective of this research is to find the water generation efficiency of different sheet metal patterns and materials based on the atmospheric humidity. The methodology involves developing a four-bay Peltier-based device to compare the four samples simultaneously. The samples include ten different patterns, each cut into either a circle or a square with the ability to be rotated in two orientations (40 samples total). To characterize the samples, the study analyzes the wettability/contact angle, thermal image difference, surface roughness, and the amount of water generated per each setting. Other factors include voltage, amperage, heatsink, power consumption, airflow, and the ambient setting, which will remain constant. 

  • First Presenter: Kaylyn Adams, Psychology

    Co-Presenters: Denise Kotsonis

    The purpose of this study is to determine whether bilingual children (i.e., English and Spanish) perform better on measures of literacy and language skills at the end of preschool if they are in a preschool classroom with both English- and Spanish-speaking teachers compared to bilingual children in preschool classrooms with only a monolingual teacher. One characteristic shared by successful teachers is their ability to use both the student’s native language and English for instruction, thereby ensuring clarity of instructions for the bilingual student (Garcia, 1991). This study investigates the following question: Does participation in a bilingual preschool classroom influence the literacy and language outcomes of bilingual children? We hypothesized that literacy and language skills of bilingual children would be stronger if they were in a bilingual classroom compared to their bilingual peers in a monolingual classroom. The data for this study comes from the National Center for Early Development and Learning (NCEDL) Multi-State Study of Pre-Kindergarten. We utilized a reduced sample including only children whose parents identified them as bilingual in English/Spanish (N=385 bilingual children). Of those bilingual students, 161 were in a monolingual preschool classroom and 224 were in a bilingual preschool classroom. Results revealed there was no relations between bilingual students in a monolingual classroom versus bilingual classroom on direct assessments of literacy and language skills, however, there were significant differences in teacher rated skills. Future work should consider research on how teachers’ attitudes about bilingual children influence their report on the children’s literacy and language skills. 

  • First Presenter: Sam L Gallant, Exercise & Sports Science

    Co-Presenters: Miguel Aranda, Natalie Myers PhD/ATC

    Background: Tennis players rely upon dynamic movement of the elbow and shoulder. The Kerlan-Jobe Orthopedic Clinic (KJOC) Shoulder and Elbow Score allows players to rate self-perceived shoulder and elbow function. Training workloads, such as hitting volume, may be related to differences in shoulder and elbow function. Therefore, the purpose of this research is to determine if KJOC scores differ between those with high and low hitting volume in junior tennis players.

    Methods: Eleven male junior tennis players (average age: 14±2; height: 170±13cm; weight: 129±30lbs) were recruited from one tennis academy in a 4-month cohort study. Utilizing the Sony Smart Tennis Sensor, hitting volume data was recorded to represent workload. The players were categorized into two groups representing high and low workloads based upon the overall median volume. Self-reported shoulder and elbow function was recorded using the KJOC scale prior (baseline) to study enrollment and at 4 months (post). The difference between baseline and post KJOC score was used as the dependent variable.

    Results: Five players presented with high volume while 6 players presented with low volume. The differences between KJOC scores were not significant between players presenting with high (17,713 ± 5,600) and low (8,699±2674) hitting volume.

    Conclusion: Our data presented with no significant differences between groups, which may suggest that shoulder and elbow function is multifactorial and not only dependent upon total hitting volume. A larger sample with more variation in KJOC scores would be beneficial for future research.

  • First Presenter: Tafia Bulgin, Communication Design

    Today’s music industry can be defined by the artistic creativity that artists display to promote and represent their musical works. Visual innovation has become a way for artists to further connect with audiences; album covers, music videos, merchandise, and live performance visuals all influence the way people perceive an artists’ music. The music industry is no longer strictly defined by creative sound, for it falls hand in hand with the visual aesthetic of the creative sound; what we see now is visuals being created to give meaning to the sound. 

    This poster will analyze the evolution of visual innovation in popular music by each decade from the 1950s to present day. This evolution will be understood through an analysis of the music genres and concepts that defined each decade, thus giving explanation to the influence made towards the visuals that complement each decade of music. 

    References:  

    Gosling, Emily. “The Design Music Industries Are BFFs-They Just Don't Know It Yet.” Eye on Design, Eye on Design, 25 Aug. 2017, eyeondesign.aiga.org/the-vital-links-between-the-design-music-industries-how-can-they-enhance-one-another/. 

    “Art and Entertainment During the 1930s - American Memory Timeline- Classroom Presentation | Teacher Resources.” Planning D-Day (April 2003) - Library of Congress Information Bulletin, Victor, “Art and Entertainment During the 1930s - American Memory Timeline- Classroom Presentation | Teacher Resources.” Library of Congress, www.loc.gov/teachers/classroommaterials/presentationsandactivities/presentations/timeline/depwwii/art/.  
    "The 1950s Arts and Entertainment: Overview”. UXL American Decades. Encyclopedia.com. 2 Mar. 2019<https://www.encyclopedia.com>. 
    “70 Historic Moments from the 1970s.” CNN, Cable News Network, 17 Aug. 2015, www.cnn.com/2015/05/21/world/gallery/70-historic-moments-from-the-1970s/index.html.
    “Music Charts, News, Photos & Video.” Billboard, www.billboard.com/.

  • First Presenter: Kyle Benacquisto, Sociology

    From the mid-1990s to the mid-2000s, a process known as gentrification took place in the New York borough of Brooklyn. Brooklyn is also home to a massive section of the rap game, being home to multiple famous rappers, including hip-hop legend Jay-Z. Jay-Z’s career covers the span of Brooklyn’s gentrification process, throughout which he has released multiple songs about his hometown. This poster examines the effects of gentrification on the minority population through the lyrics of Jay-Z’s songs “Where I’m From” (1997) and “Hello Brooklyn 2.0” (2007). By evaluating the frequency of symbolically-violent language in his songs, one will be able to create a sample of how the demographic is changing or adapting to gentrification. This poster will also provide background on the characteristics and trademarks of Brooklyn-based rap, to give the reader insight on how the style sounds traditionally. This poster will also provide information about gentrification and its economic, cultural, and political impact on Brooklyn, so that the reader will be able to see how these changes manifest in Jay-Z’s music.


    Bibliography
    Cutler, C. (2008). Brooklyn style: Hip-hop markers and racial affiliation among European immigrants in New York City. International Journal of Bilingualism, 12(1-2), 7-24.
    DeSena, J. (2009). The Gentrification and Inequality in Brooklyn: New Kids on the Block. Lexington Books.
    Jay-Z. (2018). Funk & Wagnalls New World Encyclopedia, 1; Retrieved from http://libproxy.txstate.edu/login?url=http://search.ebscohost.com.libproxy.txstate.edu/logi n.aspx?direct=true&db=funk&AN=ja013050&site=eds-live&scope=site 
    Lees, L. (2003). Super-gentrification: The case of Brooklyn heights, New York city. Urban studies, 40(12), 2487-2509.
    Lees, L. (2000). A reappraisal of gentrification: towards a ‘geography of gentrification’. Progress in human geography, 24(3), 389-408.
    Peterson, R. A., & Anand, N. (2004). The production of culture perspective. Annual review of sociology, 30.

  • First Presenter: Monica Rayos , Radiation Therapy


    The purpose of this research is to examine how culture, ethnic background, and social economic factors can take an effect on the detection, treatment, and overall outcome amongst cancer patients. It is apparent that there are certain cultural barriers that exist for people of minority whether it be language proficiency, religious beliefs, cultural beliefs, or low economic status. Factoring such components into the world of healthcare has revealed imperative effects on a patient's journey overcoming these obstacles after a cancer diagnosis. The body of literature for this research stems from various peer reviewed articles and studies found from online academic publications. Another intent of this research to shine light on these sensitive cases and potentially improve people's perceptions to these conditions and ultimately make the journey a little easier for these patients. This research also analyzes disparities in cancer healthcare that exist as a result of socioeconomic factors among minorities. 

  • First Presenter: Karen Mendoza, Radiation Therapy

    The purpose of this manuscript is to understand the importance of fractionation, how it works, why it works, and what conditions are needed for optimal results. Understanding the importance of the four R’s of Radiobiology; Repair, Reoxygenation, Repopulation, and Redistribution is essential to comprehending the way different fractionation styles affect the human body. Using clinical trials, textbooks, and medical journals this manuscript will attempt to evaluate the effectiveness of twice a day (BID) treatments in comparison to the standard once a day (QD) treatments.

  • First Presenter: Madeline Busbee, Radiation Therapy

    This research explores how prisons and healthcare teams together take care of inmates with cancer. Also, this paper is to inform others of how difficult it must be to be treated properly in prisons in any medical situation and to hopefully find ideas to improve it. Awareness is the first step to making change. The methods used were scientific/health care journals, real court cases, and news articles that are from real life experiences of prisoners and their points of view. As a conclusion, the study shows that cancer incidence is high in prisoners, but the means to help cure these prisoners are low. Many prisoners are found to be medically neglected, but not much is being done about it. There needs to be change in perspectives of and action made for this group of humans to be treated for their own well-being.

  • First Presenter: Samantha Pratt, Exercise & Sports Science

    Background
    Over 1.6 million sport-related concussions (SRC) occur annually in America, impacting the health of U.S. athletes of all ages.1-6 To date, the majority of SRC research has been quantitative, so there is a lack of qualitative investigations of how a SRC has impacted an individual’s lived experiences. 
    Purpose
    This retrospective qualitative pilot study examined the lived experiences of as former student-athletes and how sustaining SRCs impacted their lives.
    Methods
    Two semi-structured interviews were conducted with two individuals from Texas State University who were former athletes. Interviews were audio-recorded, transcribed verbatim, and thematically analyzed to identify emergent themes across both interviews.
    Results
    Two overarching themes emerged during analysis: The impact of being a student-athlete and the impact of sustaining a SRC. Both participants described how being a student-athlete helped them grow as an individual personally and socially, with four sub-themes identified (personal development, academic development, athlete identity, relationships). Additionally, five sub-themes were revealed highlighting how sustaining SRC impacted their lives (signs and symptoms, emotion, academics, interpersonal relationships, clinical care). Representative quotes for each will be presented.
    Discussion
    Being a student-athlete provided opportunities to develop relationships with others while learning a variety of life skills. Sustaining a SRC affected multiple aspects of life and receiving support from relevant others was shown to positively impact recovery. These findings can be applied to clinical use for the recovery process to guide how athletic trainers and other healthcare professionals treat SRC.

  • First Presenter: Ruby Hernandez, Psychology/ Family and Child Development 

    Co-Presenters: Victoria Tintori, Kammille Harvey, Hope Yates, Edna Alfaro PhD 

    The current study examines the relations between sisters’ and brothers’ academic involvement and academic support and Latinx students’ college self-efficacy. Academic involvement and academic support from brothers and sisters were expected to be positively related to Latinx students’ (N = 316) confidence in their abilities to be successful in their college courses, navigate relationships with roommates, and form social relations with others. Findings indicated that academic support from sisters was positively related to roommate self-efficacy and social self-efficacy. Academic support from brothers was positively related to roommate self-efficacy. However, neither academic involvement nor academic support from sisters and brothers were related to Latinx college students’ course self-efficacy. To help advance Latinx students’ confidence in their abilities to succeed in college, our findings suggest that universities should integrate siblings in their retention programs. This could result in strengthening students’ confidence in building social relationships throughout college.

  • First Presenter: Jeffrey Sanchez, Sociology

    Despite a wealth of literature describing various Queer individuals in the cult of Santa Muerte, there is little explanation as to why this connection exists. By using qualitative sources and applying theoretical concepts this article attempts to answer why the Queer community is attracted to Santa Muerte. I argue that by analyzing this phenomenon though Labeling theory one can see why marginalized individuals worship the “deviant” saint and come to be labeled as “deviant”. Secondly, I contend that the way Santa Muerte is conceptualized and represented in the media assists in oppressing the Queer community by proxy in addition to attempting to destroy the collective identity created around the folk saint. Through this, the marginalized have essentially been transformed into a criminal underclass by those in power labeling all Santa Muerte followers as Satanic narcocultist.

  • Moving towards renewable energy is inevitable. Fossil fuels cannot keep up with our growing energy needs and have proven harmful to the environment. Exponential advancements in solar energy make it a viable alternative. However, solar energy’s performance depends on sunlight angle, the amount of sunlight available, temperature, etc. As a result, it is difficult to predict exact energy production. Thus, most systems using renewable energy rely on a connection to the grid for stability. In many cases this is not possible or economically feasible, and it is certainly not renewable. 
    This project focuses on the flexible energy consumption of an indoor, off grid farming facility powered by solar panels. It consists of three steps. First, we simulate energy generation and consumption in the greenhouse, incorporating seasonality and short-term weather forecasts. Next, we optimize the system using smart manufacturing and power consumption techniques to balance energy demand and production. The uniqueness of this system is that the plants can survive in a wide variety of environments. We use this flexibility to adapt our demand to the current and predicted supply, smoothing out our power consumption figures. Finally, we plan to validate our assumptions in a real-world environment. Our goal is to combine lean manufacturing and smart consumption to reduce costs and increase system stability. Future goals include predicting which plants would thrive in this system based on seasonal market price and expected growing conditions in the indoor farming facility. 

  • First Presenter: Patrick Thomas Sullivan, Health & Wellness Promotion

    Co-Presenters: Tyler Townes, Heather Stovall, Katie Wenzel, Ateonia Caddo

    Introduction. The purpose of this study was to conduct a health needs assessment for Bastrop County, Texas. Following the PRECEDE-PROCEED framework, the research team completed Phase 1, a social assessment (demographic, socioeconomic, and quality of life indicators), and Phase 2, an epidemiological assessment (natality, mortality, morbidity, and trauma indicators). Data were comparatively analyzed in order to select a priority health behavior for a future health intervention. 
    Method. The most recent and available secondary data were collected utilizing online state and federal databases for Bastrop County, Public Health Region 7 (PHR 7), Texas, and the United States, when applicable. Comparative tables were created using these data and descriptive analyses were conducted. Conclusions about the health needs of Bastrop County were formed using the results of these analyses. 
    Results. Bastrop County had comparatively larger percentages of teenage mothers (3.1%) compared to PHR 7 (1.9%) and Texas (2.5%) in 2015. Additionally, Bastrop County had comparatively larger percentages of teenage mothers for each racial/ethnic group compared to the same regions. Bastrop County (32.1%) also displayed 119.8% and 107% comparatively larger percentages of single mothers with less than twelve years of education compared to PHR 7 (26.8%) and Texas (30.0%) in 2014, respectively. Using a prioritization matrix, the research team concluded that teen pregnancy is the priority health issue for Bastrop County.
    Discussion. Based on the results, comprehensive sexual education at the junior high and high school levels is recommended to lower the teen pregnancy rate and subsequently prevent potential single mothers from entering poverty.  

  • First Presenter: Brianna Smith, Exercise & Sports Science 

    Co-Presenters: Dawnshae Evans, Jessica Johnson, Autumn Lewis, Emily Soto

    Public health involves preventing disease and promotion of good health within communities. The purpose of program models is to provide structure for health and wellness promotion programs in order to create an intervention. This project conducted a community health assessment of Victoria County, Texas in order to determine the county's priority health issue. The assessment used the MAPP model to identify county demographics, key health issues, and address the most important and most changeable health issue. Through this method it was determined that, due to Victoria's high population of elderly and Hispanic residents, the health issue that needed an intervention was diabetes. Using the MAPP framework, the team analyzed epidemiological data and determined that the lack of access to health care, low per capita income, and health risk behaviors contribute to diabetes being one of the leading causes of death in Victoria County. We will create an intervention plan that will focus on increasing health care coverage and creating diet and fitness plans to decrease diabetes rates for target communities in Victoria County. Then, we gave a community description of Victoria County including key leaders, population breakdown, and demographics. Next, we previewed interview questions we would present to the public health director and the survey we would administer to the community in order to begin a needs assessment. 

  • First Presenter: Daniel Miller, Music

    In the course of its relatively brief history, rap music has gone from being a controversial genre that received little attention from record companies to being one of the most popular genres. As it has become more popular, the lyrical themes have changed to reflect the music’s audience, the individual lifestyle of a rapper, and even the socio-political conditions of America. My poster will chart the trends in the themes of rap lyrics over the last 20 years, going off of research that covered rap over previous decades. The main theme covered will be violence because it is a divisive theme that has simultaneously made rap popular and created a stigma against it. Other themes such as sex, wealth, pride, and drug use will be discussed for their effect on rap’s popularity. This will all be examined in a greater context of economic and political circumstances at the time of specific rap songs’ release dates. This presentation will seek to increase understanding of how music reflects culture and how society sees violence. 

  • First Presenter: Valerie Kimball, Palo Alto College Honors Program

    Who decides the material that should be taught in a college-level course? Consider Christopher Marlowe’s The Tragical History of Dr. Faustus. In this play, Dr. Faustus is an accomplished scholar in many fields but craves supreme knowledge and power. In his search for more, Faustus summons Mephistopheles, a powerful and magical servant of the devil. For the price of eternal damnation, Mephistopheles offers Faustus twenty-four years of limitless knowledge. He is swayed by a good angel offering repentance, and an evil angel dangling greed, but ultimately the deed is signed and the countdown to everlasting torment begins. Throughout his adventure, the audience monitors Faustus’ downfall leading to his final moments of realization and regret. These themes are reflected in modern entertainment and college students may face similar temptations in their own quest for self-identity. Faustus may serve as a warning to consider how much there is to lose as opposed to what a person may gain in the journey through life. Multiple religious references, such as the sabotage of a Christian ceremony, glorify acts of evil for which Faustus faces no apparent consequences. However, his actions are rewarded when he receives his permanent sentence of suffering. Faustus’ wavering repentance is troublesome as evil swayed his soul, and his conversation with God and the devil are an internal struggle between success and overindulgence. Each theme is universal to both Faustus’ story and to contemporary audiences, which should make it a natural for the literary canon taught in college courses.

  • First Presenter: William Pinteric, Sociology

    This poster will present an analysis of secondary data from the General Social Survey of 2016, originally undertaken as the final project for the Qualitative Methods course in the Department of Sociology. The study sought to find whether knowing that a person is a gun owner was useful in predicting the respondent's age, household income, and religion. The poster will present raw data, as well as the Chi-square analyses run in the Statistical Package for the Social Sciences. Gun ownership was the dependent variable for the statistical analysis; the independent variables were age, household income, and religion. The analyses failed to find significant differences between gun owners and non-gun owners among these three variables. These results indicate that there is diversity among American gun owners, and invite more focused surveying for a more detailed perspective of American gun owners and gun culture.

  • First Presenter: Gabryella Carrelli, Music

     
    Art songs are a type of melodious song which illustrates a particular emotion or depict a specific story. Unlike arias, art songs are typically only accompanied by a piano. Compositions by African Americans are not scarce in regards to quantity; however, their existence remains a mystery. William H. Henderson is an African American composer, whose works and identity are unknown and rather unused. He is yet another story of a musician of color whose great words have been forgotten due to the racial divide still present today, especially in classical music. 
    In my research, I have analyzed the music and lyrics in three of  Henderson’s almost forgotten art songs, although I will only be presenting my analysis of Valentine’s Day (1980). The principal objective of this research was to give William H. Henderson a more pronounced credit to his life of musical work and to allow musicians in the future a more developed understanding of this musician and his works. There was not much reliable information on William H. Henderson himself. My research fits into the existing, more specifically the non-existing works by offering scholarly information of the life and works of the relatively unknown William H. Henderson. My original contribution is the analysis of the music and lyrics in order to offer a better understanding of Henderson’s identity.  I analyzed his songs by hand, focusing on melody, harmonic function, and text-music relationship.

    Brief Bibliography:
    Simmons, Margaret. R. Wagner, Jeanine. (2004). A New Anthology of Art Songs by African American Composers. Carbondale, Illinois. Southern Illinois University Press. 

    Better, Lemuel, Jr. (1978). Biographical Dictionary of Black Musicians and Music Educators. Vol. 1. N.p.: Educational Book Publishers. 

    Neilson, William (Editor In Chief). (1951). Websters New International Dictionary of the English Language. Springfield, Massachusetts. G. & C. Merriam Company Publishers.

    Heidi, Hart (2018). Hanns Eisler's Art Songs: Arguing with Beauty. Rochester, New York.Boydell and Brewer
    Edited by Howe, Blake. Jensen-Moulton, Stephanie. Lerner, Neil. Straus, Joseph. The Oxford handbook of music and disability studies (2016). Oxford, New York. Oxford University Press.
    Grekow, Jacek. (2018). From content-based music emotion recognition to emotion maps of musical pieces. Cham, Switzerland. Springer. 
    Snodgrass, Jennifer. (2016). Contemporary musicianship: Analysis and the Artist. Oxford, New York. Oxford University Press. 
    (Review) Pierce, Stephen. (2013).  American Art Song and American Poetry. Cincinnati, Ohio. Reviewed by University of Southern California. 
    Lieson Miller, Philip. (1988). Book Reviews: Ruth C. Friedberg, "American Art Song and American Poetry", vol. 3, The Century Advances" (book review). American Music, 6(2), 243. 
    Patterson, Willis. (1996). The African-American Art Song: A Musical Means for Special Teaching and Learning. Chicago, Illinois. University of Illinois Press
    Kinney, Arthur F. (2012). The Oxford Handbook of Shakespeare. Oxford, New York. Oxford University Press. 
    (Edited) Lindley, David. (2018).  Shakespeare and Music. London, England. Bloomberg Publishing. 

  • First Presenter: Priscilla Omewah, Exercise & Sports Science

    Co-Presenters: Dominique Martinez, Lilianna Ramirez, Rachel Reazin, Gavin Graham

    Williamson County is located in Central Texas, Region 7, and is part of the Greater Austin Metropolitan Area. With a population of about 562,337 residents, it has been ranked the second healthiest county in Texas. The overall purpose of this project is to conduct a health needs assessment on Williamson County. Utilizing the Mobilizing for Action through Planning and Partnerships (MAPP) model, secondary data collected included race/ethnic data, age, education, socioeconomics, vaccinations, prenatal care, low birth weight, mortality, trauma, and communicable/non-communicable diseases. Using a prioritization matrix, it was identified that Pertussis, having a personal doctor, prenatal care, and suicide are the most important health issues in Williamson County. However, after reviewing the collected data, it was determined that the most important and most changeable health issue is Pertussis. Pertussis, also known as whooping cough, is a highly contagious respiratory disease that is mainly diagnosed in infants and young children. When comparing the percentages of Pertussis cases, the rate for Williamson County is 11.1 compared to the states’ rate of 4.6. The focal point of the intervention will be Pertussis vaccinations for residents of the county. By focusing on increasing the rates of infants, children, and adults who receive the Tdap vaccination, it is expected that the number of Pertussis cases will decrease. This will contribute to improving the quality of life in Williamson County.

  • First Presenter: Melanie Rusch, Exercise & Sports Science

    Co-Presenters: Alexis Pagan, Marcela De La Trigg, Ollen Howard II, Madison Beseda, McKinna Seahorn

    Introduction. The purpose of this project was to conduct a community health needs assessment for Wood County, Texas. The project included a social and epidemiological assessment, which are the first two phases of the PRECEDE-PROCEED health planning model. The social assessment consisted of researching and assessing socioeconomic, demographic, and quality of life indicators. The epidemiological assessment analyzed natality, morbidity, mortality, and trauma indicators.

    Methods. Secondary data from the most recent years available were collected using various government and state databases (e.g., The Texas Department of State Health Services and the World Health Organization). Data were sorted into tables and comparatively analyzed to identify health discrepancies between Wood County, Public Health Region 4 (PHR 4), The State of Texas, and The United States. 

    Results. Per capita income for Wood County was proportionally 1.2 times smaller than both Texas (89%) and U.S. (83%). The household income was also proportionally 1.2 times smaller in Wood County when compared to Texas (118%) and the U.S. (83%). The greatest notable health discrepancy found was the proportionally larger rate of pertussis, (whooping cough) in Wood County (13.6%) when compared to Texas (4.6%). The rate of pertussis in Wood County was nearly 300% larger that the rate in Texas. 

    Discussion. The PRECEDE-PROCEED health assessments results for Wood County suggest pertussis as a major health issue among this low-income population. It is recommended that predisposing, reinforcing, and enabling factors be examined to inform the development of a low-cost immunization campaign. 

  • First Presenter: Trenton Osborne, Palo Alto College Honors Program

    Censorship has become possibly the biggest balancing act for artists and governing bodies alike. It is a tool that can be used to restrict dangerous content from reaching impressionable minds yet is quite often overused to restrict ideas that the governing body may see as dangerous or competitive. The biggest question for governing bodies is the question of “How far can we restrict content?” while artists are faced with the question of “How do I get around these restrictions?”  This poster presents censorship in various forms and compares possible negative outcomes as well as ulterior motives of those who impose it. William Wycherley’s play, The Country Wife illustrates a specific instance of censorship and how the author used simple writing and theatrical techniques to convey his message to the audience without being red-flagged for the content of his play. This Restoration-era play is being compared to a modern day instance of censorship which has been deemed excessive, as well as the modern techniques artists have used to combat a similar issue. Some of the content found in this poster is information about the laws of censorship during the Restoration Period in England to give context for The Country Wife as well as information about the play itself. The modern day example used as comparison is The Interview, a film written by Dan Sterling, Seth Rogan, and Evan Goldberg.