Dr. Christopher Lintz | Research Associate
Office: Pecos Building 203
Phone: 512 671-9699
Ph.D. University of Oklahoma 1984
M.A. University of Oklahoma 1975
Ph.D. Arizona State University 1970
Primary Research Interests:
cultural ecology, paleoclimatic reconstruction, sedentism/mobility, primitive technologies (lithics, ceramics, bone, freshwater shell), culture contact and adaptive change, method/theory in archaeology, subsistence remains, especially bones and freshwater and marine shell, the distributions of stone tool caches, and sourced obsidian artifacts across the southern Plains and cultural resource management. Primary geographical areas of research interest are the Great Plains, Central Texas, Caddoan Area, and Southwest culture areas.
I am an archeologist with 57 years of field experience including 36 years as director of archeological projects in 17 states and in Puerto Rico. I bring a cultural ecological perspective to archeological problems mostly focused on the southern Plains cultures of the past 2,500 years in Oklahoma and Texas. I have participated in a series of multidisciplinary investigations that have contributed to reconstructing paleoenvironmental conditions and examining the Late Prehistoric cultural responses to environmental fluctuations as reflected by changes in architecture, settlement and community patterns, prehistoric conflicts and intensification of regional exchanges. As a Research Associate at Texas State University, I am primarily conducting new research and publishing results of various investigations.
My current research focuses on the Late Prehistoric acquisition, shaping and spread of Alibates flint trade blanks and caches across the region from New Mexico, Oklahoma, Kansas and Texas. Contrary to previous exchange models, most of the Alibates flint is being exchanged with contemporaneous cultures in south-central Kansas, rather than the Puebloan cultures in New Mexico. Detailed distribution studies of decorative motifs on Plains cord marked pottery hold the key for mapping prehistoric interactions that provide insight into regional interactions and flint exchanges.
The scarcity of decorative Antelope Creek phase pottery near the Alibates flint quarries relative to the abundance of decorated cord marked ceramics in a crescent-shaped region from the Oklahoma panhandle southeastward through the Buried City Complex, and south to sites near Matador in Motley County, suggests that sites near the Alibates quarries were buffered from larger regional impacts, especially from Bluff Creek, Pratt and Wilmore complexes in south-central Kansas which also reflect decoration motifs on their cord marked pottery. The presence of much larger houses in the Buried City complex along Wolf Creek (one of only two sweet water drainages flowing towards the east), raises the possibility that the Buried City Complex, and possible large sites like Stamper in the Oklahoma panhandle might represent Late Prehistoric rendezvous trade centers. Development and testing of the distribution of cord marked decorative motifs validated by INAA studies of ceramic paste should illuminate regional trading relations across the region and perhaps document the nature of Antelope Creek regional abandonment after 1450/1500.
Recent Articles Published, In Press and accepted for Publication
Lintz, Christopher and Rick Day
in press Four Lithic Caches from Below the Caprock in Motley, Floyd and Briscoe Counties, Texas. Southwestern Federation of Archeological Societies.54, Midland.
Lintz, Christopher, Samuel Cason, Marisue Potts, Alvin Lynn
in press An Introduction to the Connellee Peak Site, 41MY5, in Motley County, Texas and Analysis of Its Plain and Cord Marked Pottery Decorative Motifs. Bulletin of the Texas Archeological Society 91.
Shaller, Rolla, Christopher Lintz, and Gerald Schultz
2019 C. Stuart Johnston and the New Deal Paleontological Program in the Upper Texas Panhandle. Panhandle Plains Historical Review 89: 56-79.
Lintz, Christopher and Rolla Shaller
2018a The Context of Tema LeClerc Eyerly’s 1907 Wolf Creek Archeological Expedition to the Buried City in Ochiltree County, Texas. Bulletin of the Texas Archeological Society 88: 49-61.
2018b An Early Description of the Old Town Built of Stone on the Banks of Wolf Creek. In: Neither Rain, Nor Sleet, Nor Gloom of Night Stays These Couriers: Essays Honoring Jay C. Blaine, edited by S. Alan Skinner and Molly A. Hall, pp 93-98, AR Consultants Inc. LLC., Dallas.
Lintz, Christopher, Michael Mudd and C. Britt Bousman
2018 A Technological Analysis of Cordmarked Ceramics from 41PT283, on the BLM Cross Bar Ranch, Potter County, Texas. Oklahoma Anthropological Society Bulletin 65: 1-70
2018 The Fort Chadbourne Biface Lithic Cache, 41CK127, Late Stage Bifaces with a Capstone Marker from Coke County, Texas. Transactions of the 53rd Regional Archaeological Symposium for Southeastern New Mexico and Western Texas (2017): 65-91.
Lintz, Christopher and Marty Horn
2017 Report on the 2017 Magnetic Gradiometer Survey of the Jack Allen site, 41HC219, Hutchinson County, Texas. Report submitted to the landowner with copies placed at the Panhandle-Plains Historical Society Museum. Canyon.
Shafer, Harry, Christopher Lintz and Marybeth Tomka
2017 Ceramics: The Stories Found in Pottery 151 pp. (with 6 Power-point programs). Texas Archaeological Society, Academy. (2 day ceramic academy run at Fort Richardson, Texas)
2016 Seventeen Chapters on Archeological Projects conducted for the Wildlife Division. Report of Archeological Investigations for 2015: 15-26, 49-56, 75-122, 151-218, 263-282, 293-297. (Rich Mahoney, Editor). Texas Parks and Wildlife Department, Cultural Resources Program, Austin, Texas. Submitted to the Texas Historical Commission under Antiquities Permit 7130.
2016 Antelope Creek Phase, Architecture, Chronology and Lessons from the Jack Allen Daub Studies: A Personal Journey. Archaeological Society of New Mexico: Papers in Honor of David Snow 42: 147-160.
Shaller, Rolla and Christopher Lintz
2016 Archeological Investigations at Sites 41FL2 and 41FL76 Caprock Canyons Trailway State Park, Floyd County, Texas. Prepared for TPWD Interagency Cooperative Contract (96-97) 346-0401 and TAC Permit 2328. Submitted by the Panhandle-Plains Historical Museum, Canyon.
2015 Five Chapters on Archeological Projects conducted for the Wildlife Division of Texas Parks and Wildlife Division. Report of Archeological Investigations for 2014: 35-44, 57-64, 89-94, 109-126. (Rich Mahoney, Editor). Texas Parks and Wildlife Department, Cultural Resources Program, Austin, Texas. Submitted to the Texas Historical Commission under Antiquities Permit 6776.
Lintz, Christopher, and Daniel Prikryl
2015 Steatite Vessel Fragment from 41SS178, San Saba County, Texas: Consideration of Prehistoric Connections between the Northwestern and Southern Plains. Bulletin of the Texas Archaeological Society 86: 131-158.
Lintz, Christopher, and Rolla Shaller.
2015 Archeological Studies at Sites 41FL2 and 41FL76 Caprock Canyons Trailway State Park, Floyd County, Texas. Transactions of the 50th Regional Archaeological Symposium for Southeastern New Mexico and Western Texas, pp 64-84. Edited by Paul Katz and Rolla Shaller, Amarillo.
Lintz, Christopher, Rolla Shaller, and Paul Katz
2015 The Craig Cache Toolkit (41PT505): An Alibates Scraper Cache from Potter County, Texas. Bulletin of the Oklahoma Anthropological Society. 62: 51-66.
Uecker, Herbert, Chris Lintz and Todd McMakin.
2015 Unit 2: Archaeology. pp. 37-77. In: Texas Master Naturalist: Statewide Curriculum, edited by Michelle M. Haggerty and Mary Pearl Meuth. Texas Parks and Wildlife and Texas A&M Agrilife Extension Services. Texas A&M Press, College Station, Texas.
Selected Other Significant Publications (pre 2015)
2011 A Preliminary Report on the 1960 Excavations at the Franklin Ranch Site, 41GY80, Gray County, Texas. Oklahoma Anthropological Society Bulletin LVIII (58): 47-60.
2011 Archaeology as Tourism: the Unsuccessful Attempt by Texas to Acquire Saddleback and Landergin Mesa Villages as a State Park in Eastern Oldham County. Transactions of the 46th Regional Archaeological Symposium for Southeastern New Mexico and Western Texas 46: 53-84.
2009 Avian Procurement and Use by Middle Ceramic Period People on the Southern High Plains: A Design for Investigations. Bulletin of the Texas Archaeological Society 80: 85-131.
2006 The Mysterious “Pebble-Embankment” Structure near Antelope Creek in the Texas Panhandle. Oklahoma Archaeology, Journal of the Oklahoma Anthropological Society. 54(3): 18-32.
1986 The Historical Development of a Culture Complex: The Basis for Understanding Architectural Misconceptions of the Antelope Creek Focus. In: "Current Trends in Southern Plains Archaeology", edited by Timothy Baugh. Plains Anthropologist Memoir 21:31:114: 111-128.
1986 Architecture and Community Variability of the Antelope Creek Phase in the Texas Panhandle. Oklahoma Archaeological Survey, Studies in Oklahoma's Past No. 14.
1978 Architecture and Radiocarbon Dating of the Antelope Creek Focus: A Test of Campbell's Model. Plains Anthropologist 23: 82: 319-329.
1978 The Panhandle Aspect and Its Early Relationship with Upper Republican. In The Central Plains Tradition: Internal Development and External Relationships, edited by Donald Blakeslee. Office of the State Archaeologist of Iowa, Report 11, University of Iowa. pp. 36-55.
Lintz, Christopher, contributor.
2009 Native Americans. In: Texas Wildscapes: Gardening for Wildlife. Kelly Conrad Bender, Author, Texas A&M Nature Guide Editions. Texas A&M Press, College Station.
Lintz, Christopher, Editor
2011 The Canyon City Club Cave in the Panhandle of Texas by Jack T. Hughes and Brief Summary of the Adair-Steadman Site, Fisher County, Texas by Curtis Tunnell. Panhandle Archaeological Society Report 10, Amarillo.
Lintz, Christopher and Stephen A. Hall
1983 The Geomorphology and Archaeology of Carnegie Canyon, Fort Cobb Laterals Watershed, Caddo County, Oklahoma. Oklahoma Conservation Commission, Archaeological Research Report, No. 10.
Lintz, Christopher, Stephen A. Hall, Timothy G. Baugh and Tiffany Osburn
2008 Archaeological Testing at 41TR170, Along the Clear Fork of the Trinity River, Tarrant County, Texas. Miscellaneous Reports of Investigations no 348, Geo-Marine, Inc., Plano.
2014 Chemical Characterization of Two Primary Igneous Metamorphic Glass Sources at the Big Bend Ranch State Park, Presidio County, Texas. Bulletin of the Texas Archaeological Society 85: 281-293.
Lintz, Christopher, Floyd Largent, Tim Perttula, Vincent Dongarra, Marsha Prior, Marie Huhnke,
2007 National Register Testing at Prehistoric Sites 16BO450, 16BO458, and 16BO473, Barksdale Air Force Base, Bossier Parish, Louisiana. United States Air Force, Air Combat Command Series, Report of Investigations 37. Geo-Marine, Inc., Plano.
Lintz, Christopher and Rolla Shaller
2011 Barrett Scraper Preform Cache from the Jimmy Owens Site, 41FL81, Floyd County, Texas. Transactions of the 46th Regional Archaeological Symposium for Southeastern New Mexico and Western Texas. 46: 33-52.
Lintz, Christopher and Angela Tiné
2008 Two Painted Shelters, 34LF1348 and 34LF1349, in LeFlore County, Oklahoma. Oklahoma Archaeology: Journal of the Oklahoma Anthropological Society, 56:2: 13-21.
Lintz, Christopher and Bob Wishoff
2013 Double-Bitted Axes and Ax-like Implements from Alibates Ruin 28, Potter County, Texas. Oklahoma Anthropological Society Bulletin 60: 57-79.
Green, M. M., C. Lintz, M.D. Freeman, A. Burkholder, and T. K. Perttula
2013 2011 National Register Evaluative Testing at Sites 16BO453, 16BO454, 16BO476, 16BO477, and 15BO531, Barksdale Air Force Base, Bossier Parish, Louisiana. United State Air Force, Air Combat Command Series, Reports of Investigations No. 57. 368 pp. Geo-Marine, Inc., Plano, Texas.
Hall, Steve A, Tom W. Boutton, Christopher Lintz and Timothy Baugh
2012 New correlation of carbon isotopes with changing late-Holocene fluvial environments in the Trinity River Basin of Texas, USA. The Holocene 22:5: 541-549. http://hol.sagepub.com/content/early/2011/12/05/0959683611427338
Hall, Stephen A. and Christopher Lintz
1984 Buried Trees, Water Table Fluctuations and 3000 Years of Changing Climate in West-Central Oklahoma. Quaternary Research 22:1: 129-133.
Tiné, Angela, Christopher Lintz and Missi Green
2007 Cultural Resources Survey of the Spiro Storage System Project, LeFlore and Haskell Counties, Oklahoma. Miscellaneous Reports of Investigations 333. Geo-Marine Inc.
Awards and Honors:
2002 Merit in Archaeology Award from the Texas Historical Commission for the Cross Bar Ranch Survey Investigations, Potter County, Texas. (Client: Bureau of Land Management)
2004 Merit in Archaeology Award from the Texas Historical Commission for the Archaeological Testing Investigations at Site 41TR174, Trinity County Texas. (Client: Trinity River Authority)
2015 Fellow of the Texas Archeological Society.
2016 Lifetime Achievement Award from the Panhandle Archaeological Society
2018 Preserving the Past Award from the Hill Country Archeological Association
2018 Distinguished Service Award Plains Anthropological Society
2019 Norman G. Flaigg Outstanding Performance for Exceptional Accomplishments as a member of the Texas Archeological Stewardship Network Texas Historical Commission
2020 Lifetime Achievement Canyonlands Archeological Society