“The Efficacy of Garlic as an Antibacterial Agent”
The widespread use of antibiotics as growth promotants in livestock feed has led to a marked increase in multi-drug resistant super infections in both humans and animals. This study was designed to determine if garlic, an ancient herbal remedy, has biostatic and/or bactericidal properties in vitro. The efficacy of various garlic preparations was tested in vitro on: C. freundii, E. coli, S. epidermidis and S. marcescens. In broth cultures grown for 24 hours, bactericidal properties of fresh garlic extract (FGE) were similar to chloramphenicol (positive control) in three out of the four bacterial species studied. Moreover, a study utilizing broth cultures grown for 96 hours prior to plating, clearly showed that FGE was far superior to the positive control in the treatment of S. epidermidis; however, its effectiveness was diminished for the other three bacterial species. In summary, FGE (i) was effective in controlling bacterial growth in vitro, (ii) may be a viable option for inhibiting bacterial growth in vivo, and (iii) should be tested as a sustainable alternative to antibiotics used as prophylactic agents in livestock.
“The Multigenerational Workforce: Strategies for Managing Four Generations”
Today’s workforce consists of four generations: the Traditionalists, the Baby Boomers, Generation X, and Generation Y. Over 60 years of knowledge, special skills, different perspectives, varying expectations, diverse experiences, and an assortment of work styles make up the workforce. This assortment of talent and varying views has potential for conflict, but organizations that take advantage of the diverse workforce may use it as a source of competitive advantage. Human resource (HR) specialists have the opportunity to capitalize on the assets of each generation as demographics and social trends will have a significant impact on the workforce in the coming years. In this thesis, I examine several methods proposed by psychologists, sociologists, and business executives to utilize each generation’s skills. I then make recommendations on how to develop a cohesive workforce, resulting in sustainability and growth for several organizations.
Kyle Kastner and Eduardo Gonzalez
“Theory and Design of the DICE System”
DICE (Data and Instrument Control Environment) is an extensible framework for real-time acquisition, management, and processing of time series data for complex data analysis scenarios, including power line monitoring. DICE was created to manage multiple data streams taken simultaneously in real-time from various power line probes. Portions of DICE were designed by students in the Ingram School of Engineering as part of the capstone Sr. Design course. DICE aggregates acquired data in an efficient, highly customized manner. It allows for quick configuration of the acquisition hardware, visual monitoring of incoming data, and customizable formats for archival. All aspects of the data acquisition, including output format and sampling parameters are configurable from the main screen. Additional Sr. Design teams are augmenting DICE to include sophisticated algorithms for analyzing power line events and specific formats of multicarrier communications. This presentation involves a discussion of the software architecture and applications for which DICE was created, as well as a real-time demonstration of the DICE system.
Kellen Elizabeth Stanley
“Memory as Childhood Videotape: The Marnie Video Performance”
In this life, we as human beings cling to our memories for documentation of existence. In the past two years, I've been working with a certain childhood memory captured on videotape. I refer to this specific tape as 'the Marnie video;' it acts as a remnant of my four-year old self in front of a technology capturing a storytelling performance. I long to have this memory play in front of me, without a television, mirroring the Samuel Beckett play, Krapp's Last Tape. Krapp yearns to hear the playback of voice recordings telling of his past, but tragically he can never physically go back into the memory. Beckett's comment on remembrance informs my approach of performance and theater as the main outlet of this thesis. Rehearsing with collaborating actors and musicians will bring me to the process that physically reconnects to this memory. I propose to create a sensory experience that triggers nostalgia in everyone involved, specifically channeling my childhood memory of the Marnie video as the main space of this performance.
“Beyond the Tracks: A History of Cheatham Street Warehouse”
Since opening its doors as a music venue in 1974, Cheatham Street Warehouse has been an important facet in the development of Texas songwriters and country music. Although CSW was opened with the tradition of historical Texas dancehalls and honkytonks in mind, the tin warehouse has created its own unique niche in the history of legendary music venues. The special place that CSW holds can be largely accredited to the performers who have used it as a launching pad for their early careers and, even more so, the man who runs and own Cheatham, Kent Finlay. Their personal stories about memorable nights under the neon lights are sure to capture the distinct atmosphere of the venue and serve as a written testament to the role that CSW has played in preserving and promoting Texas music for the past three decades.
“You’ve Got Me All Wrong: Why Alban Berg’s Character Lulu Breaks Away from the Femme Fatale Label”
The titular character from Alban Berg’s opera, Lulu, has been labeled a femme fatale by academic scholars, newspaper editors, and enthusiasts alike. This patriarchal view has remained unchallenged, but is it really the answer? Once one looks at the libretto, and the music itself, it becomes clear that Lulu is not the cause, but rather a symptom of the deaths surrounding her life. This point of view allows for clarity of the musical rows used in the opera, and Berg’s use of orchestration during the time of Lulu’s death. Throughout her life, as presented in the opera, she remains aloof to other character’s plans to change her into their personal fantasies. Men that yearn for her body become entangled within the brothers of their gender; many of who do not escape the fight for Lulu alive. Although she is not an innocent character by any means, Lulu lives only for love. Indeed, when forced into becoming a prostitute, Lulu’s power as a sensual being is diminished to such a degree that she invites death, in the form of Jack the Ripper, into the squalor that her life has become.
Corey S. Jackson
“Solving the Musician's Dilemma: One Community's HAAM, Another Community's Example”
Austin, Texas is the Live Music Capital of the World. It is home to over 8,000 working musicians and many world-famous music venues and events. Austin’s music industry provides over 10,000 jobs and contributes nearly $1 billion annually to the local economy, yet most Austin musicians live at or below the federal poverty level, without health insurance. Health Alliance for Austin Musicians (HAAM) is a nonprofit organization that brings together doctors, local businesses, and community donors in a network providing basic preventive health services to this essential segment of the community. HAAM is a unique service stemming from Austin’s unique culture, but a nation of musicians share this healthcare dilemma. Chicago, Illinois is home to over 80,000 musicians, and a music scene that provides over 65,000 jobs, contributing over $15 billion annually to Chicago’s economy. Currently, there is not a local nonprofit organization that supports uninsured musicians in Chicago with affordable primary healthcare. Could Chicago benefit from a nonprofit organization that connects musicians to local health services? I believe HAAM’s example could be used to derive a model which other communities across the country, like Chicago, can adapt to their distinctive personalities. I intend to prove this in three parts: the story of HAAM’s genesis and services; a comparison between Austin and Chicago, using “The Windy City” as a case for this general framework; and an online presence, that will host a short film and raise awareness about how communities can help their musicians, all while saving the community money.
“Odysseus’s (Ulysses’s) Odyssey through World Literature”
The mythological hero Odysseus, better known as Ulysses, remains as engaging to modern audiences as he was to the ancient Greeks. His early travails in the Trojan War, as described in the Iliad, led to worse travails as the veteran struggled for ten years to reach home, pursued by the vengeful god Poseidon, only to find his house overrun with ignominious suitors pursuing his wife. Although his Greek epic the Odyssey reestablishes Odysseus in the Ithaca which he stabilizes at the epic’s conclusion, the Odysseus theme gained strong momentum in ancient Greece. Developments in the Greek epic cycle pursued this multifaceted hero to the variously-imagined end of his days, and Western literature continues this tradition. Tennyson’s poem “Ulysses” and James Joyce’s novel Ulysses are two of the Western canon’s more famous variations on the Odysseus theme, but these build upon two more significant developments: Virgil’s Aeneid and Dante’s Inferno. Both of these artists treat Odysseus in intriguingly complex ways, making him simultaneously the heart of their works and the target of their attacks. Their ambivalence towards Odysseus speaks volumes about his influence upon their epic poems. My essay first explores Odysseus’s character as Homer’s epics depict him, and glances into the ancient Greek culture that conceived him as their representative hero. Then, my essay analyzes key selections from the Aeneid and the Inferno to demonstrate how strongly Odysseus inspired at the same time that he antagonized these poets who so strongly influence our Western literary canon.
“Middle Eastern Immigration to Torreon, Mexico: An Analysis of Adaptive Strategies"
This research studies the topic of Middle Eastern immigration to Torreon, Mexico, which began around the year 1900. Data collection was made in the form of primary and secondary historical sources, scholarly articles, oral histories, interviews, and participant observation in Torreon, Mexico, and Beirut and Zouk Mesbeh, Lebanon. My presentation will focus on two sections; the first one consists of a historical background to place the topic into context, and the second one is an analysis of the adaptive strategies of the immigrants as they entered the receiving culture.
“A Dynamic Space Time Panel Data Model of Beer Consumption”
A dynamic space-time panel data model containing random effects is used to examine state-level beer consumption over the period of 1970 to 2007 for the 48 contiguous US states plus the District of Columbia. A valuable aspect of dynamic space-time panel data models is that the parameter estimates from these models can be used to quantify dynamic responses over time and space as well as space-time diffusion impacts. We examine the impact of state-level taxes on beer on home/own-state and outside/other-state consumption of beer. The model allows for this situation since buyers of beer near state borders can purchase in neighboring states if there is a tax advantage to doing so.
“XBOX Stereotypes--Popular Media versus Research”
Stereotypes allow us to quickly process information and assign meaning. The perception process, leveling and sharpening, and labeling confirm our perceptions whether accurate or inaccurate. Socializing agents such as media perpetuate the stereotype of a video gamer as a teenage boy who sits in the dark alone playing his game all day long. However, despite high social consensus, this stereotype may no longer be accurate. Research is beginning to empirically demonstrate that video gamers no longer fit the social stereotype.
“Development of a Structured Horseback Riding Therapeutic Program for Young Adults with Cerebral Palsy”
This thesis will concentrate on the development of a therapeutic horseback riding program for young adults with Cerebral Palsy enrolled in the non-profit program, Always Wanted a Riding Experience (A.W.A.R.E) in San Marcos, Texas. My observations for this research project involve a 21 year old female with severe spastic quadriplegia Cerebral Palsy. The structured program I will develop will target the physiological benefits for her body as well as incorporate social and cognitive goals using behavioral and learning models. These models will help analyze the patient’s self-perception in her group and individual therapy. The main component explored in my research targets hippotherapy effects in building trunk and postural stability. I will also explore how therapeutic horse riding sessions can relate to her specific goals in her future career. In return, my thesis will add for potential modifications to future cerebral palsy clients’ programs offered at A.W.A.R.E. My research will also make contributions to the use of hippotherapy treatment and therapeutic horseback riding for the Cerebral Palsy population.
Maryjune F Smith
“Modulation of Pic59 Expression Causes Picloram Resistance in Arabidopsis”
Plant hormone auxin regulates many aspects of plant growth and developments. While Indole acetic acid is the major natural auxin found in plants, there are many synthetic chemicals such as 2,4-D, 1-NAA and picloram that exert auxinic activity. Recently we isolated an Arabidopsis mutant that is resistant to picloram and is named pic59. This mutant does not show any phenotypic differences from the wild type when grown on soil but exhibit primary root growth resistance when grown on a medium containing picloram. Moreover, the mutant does not show resistance to any other auxin indicating that pic59 is picloram specific. Through map based cloning we isolated the gene. In order to confirm that pic59 mutation confers the resistance to picloram, we over-expressed the mutant gene in Arabidopsis wild type background using the CaMV35S constitutive promoter. Analysis of independent transgenic Arabidopsis lines showed that these lines are resistant to picloram confirming that mutant pic59 gene causes the resistance to picloram.
Velcro Connections (VX) is first and foremost a social networking tool. My goal is to build a website where different talented individuals can post profiles in order to entice anyone willing to pay their price to hire them for a service. The idea was founded around local San Marcos musicians whom I have discovered that I believe are being severely underutilized. These artists, and others of non-musical orientation, stand to benefit from the increased opportunities of employment, and increased exposure, whereas public and private venues (including private house parties) will have easy access to a vast and diverse yet easily available group of artists at affordable prices. The site will be free to use, however I would personally rake a small percentage of both the money made by the performer(s) and the venue.
Veronica M. Suarez
“Attractions: Five Stories”
“Attractions” is a collection of short stories that portray the theme of how the past influences the present. Although the stories concern unrelated people and subject matter, they are united in a world where the characters are constantly attracted to people and things that remind them of events that have happened in the past. While some characters attempt to suppress their history in death, abandonment, greed, or escape, it always remains a part of them.
“Driven to Learn: A Study on Why English Language Learner Students Lose Literacy Motivation, and What Can Be Done About It”
This mixed-methods study examined literacy motivation in middle school English Language Learner (ELL) students via classroom observations and a semi-structured eight11`-question teacher interview of four ELL instructional teachers. The data was analyzed by finding trends within the observations and interviews and accordingly aligning it with the Sturtevant and Kim (2010) research that asserts that as literacy proficiency increases in the middle grades, motivation subsequently decreases. The report noted effective motivational strategies used by the teachers, and activities that sparked student interest and thus motivation.
Jennie Tudor Gray
“Writing a Youth Non-Fiction Book on Contemporary Women Artists”
It has come to my attention over my career in various bookstores and libraries that there is a void in the book market as far as books on contemporary women artists for a youth market. My honors thesis would consist of helping fill this gap by writing said book. The book will attempt to highlight the life and artworks of women artists from around the globe. The book will be geared to students as well as a resource for educators as it will include lesson plan activities that correspond to each artist.
“Structured Industry Level Dependence”
The question of why firms exercise stock splits has inspired a great deal of research. Stock splits should have no impact on stock price returns, since splits simultaneously reduce the share price and increase outstanding shares by the same factor. Hence, performance of the stock measured in terms of price returns should have no relation to a stock split. Signaling and optimal trading range hypotheses are possible explanations for stock splits as well as well as more traditional arguments that a split increases the number of small shareholders who own the stock, or reflect improved liquidity for shares that trade at lower prices. In addition, the behavioral norms; catering hypothesis, states that firms aim to keep their share price within an optimal trading range. One particular version of the catering hypothesis suggests that firms align their stock prices with peers Bernartzi et al. (2010). We find strong evidence of structured industry-le! vel dependence in support of the behavioral norms argument. This study develops a fixed-effects panel relationship between stock price returns, (logged) price levels and the (logged) number of shares outstanding (plus control variables). Since a stock split involves a simultaneous decrease in stock price and increase in shares outstanding by some percentage(s), estimates from the fixed-effects panel model relationship can be used to explore the total derivative response of returns to a simultaneous (percentage(s)) decrease in price and increase in shares outstanding. Another methodological contribution of the fixed-effects panel data model is that it allows for contemporaneous interaction between returns for firms within industries. We find empirical evidence of significant within-industry interaction that could produce biased estimates for models that ignore this type of interaction.
“Fictional Writing: the Role of Positive Affect and Empathic Concern”
The purpose of this study was to examine fictional writing, the positive moods produced by fictional writing, and the ability to empathize and fantasize as predictors of helping behavior. Forty-four female student participants (ranging in age from 18- 26) at Texas State University-San Marcos were randomly assigned to write about either a positive or negative fictional character. Moods were measured before and after the writing exercise. The Interpersonal Reactivity Index (IRI) measured the ability to empathize and fantasize, and was administered after the writing exercise. Subsequently, participants were asked to help create sympathy cards for the Children’s Hospital. The time spent on the cards, number of cards produced, and the average time spent on each card was measured. Our results showed that condition and individual differences in empathy, as expected, significantly predicted helping as measured by the time spent on each card. Thos! e with gains in positive affect spent less time on each card, but attempted to produce more cards. These findings, their implication and the future directions of this research are addressed.
“Whole Learning: A Holistic Education's Contribution to the World”
In this presentation, I will discuss how a holistic, humanistic curriculum within elementary schools can be used to promote positive, whole-minded thinking in children and youth. I will incorporate a global perspective grounded on the universal human right to a primary education: Article 26 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights and Goal 2 of the UN Millennium Development Goals. I will profile Vikasana, a non-governmental organization in Karnataka, India that is working to improve the social welfare and education of women and children. The organization runs “bridge schools” which are community schools aimed at assimilating current and previous child laborers into a supportive educational and community environment. The ultimate goal of the schools is to foster open-minded thinking and a spirit of self-reliance among students. Ancedotal evidence suggests that the organization’s efforts have led to improvements in both social and economic conditions in this region. I will work with Vikasana in December 2010 at one of its bridge schools and conduct a case study to document how the schools’ holistic curriculum improves the lives of underprivileged students. During my time with the organization, I will develop an original, humanistic curriculum, providing examples of educational activities, and describing how this curriculum could positively contribute to a child's learning experience and society as a whole. This project is an extension of my current Honors Directed Independent Study and will be finalized in my Honors Thesis next semester.
“Rainbows within Rainbows within Rainbows: Gender and Sexual Diversity Using a Multicultural Approach”
What is “gender?” Ideas about gender play a major role in the lives of every Westerner today. Is gender really as simplistic and binary as we have been led to believe? Furthermore, is gender really parallel to sexuality and romantic involvement as according to prevailing cultural attitudes? Leading gender and sexuality researchers have developed a multi-tiered, multi-faceted model of sex, sexual orientation, and gender identity called the sexual spectrum, which threatens to redefine traditional cultural attitudes about gender and sexuality.
British colonial law defined sex between people of the same gender, as well as the adoption of gender expression seen to be opposite of one’s birth assigned sex to be “crimes against nature.” Is gender and sexual variance really unnatural? According to evolutionary biologist Joan Roughgarden, the British were dead wrong. For her book, Evolution’s Rainbow, Dr. Roughgarden conducted the most exhaustive and thorough study of gender and sexual variance conceived to date; she found that over half the species on this planet are somehow gender or sexuality variant. My research plunges the depths of the personal meanings of gender and sexual identity on an individual level, and then seeks to reach into the American and European cultural aspects both present and historical. Finally, I branch-out to uncover views of gender and sexual variance of diverse cultures throughout the world: from the 'katoi' of Thailand, to the 'hijrah' of India, to the 'fa'afafine' of Samoa, and beyond.
“Establishing a Freelance Communication Design Business in Colombia”
American Communication Design graduates have two main directions in which to take their careers. Graduates may decide to work for a design firm looking to hire individual designers full time or part-time, or there is the option of freelancing. For either of these directions, some graduates may work in America and others may focus on foreign countries for employment. Currently there are blogs and books about finding a job in a foreign country but there is little written about starting a business in a foreign country. There is less still written about starting a Communication Design business in a foreign country. This research explains the process of constructing a brand and a marketing strategy to establish a Communication Design business in Colombia. The author interviewed business owners in Colombia and traveled to Colombia to obtain first-hand knowledge of the traditions and culture of this country. The author also summarized available data published by secondary sources. Although this paper discusses one available process while focusing on Colombia, a similar process could be applied to any foreign country by showcasing the areas of research to focus on: legal barriers, cultural barriers, marketing strategy, and brand development.
“Why, Yes Kermit, It is Easy Being Green: Content Analysis of Vogue and Forbes Magazine Advertisements”
The introduction of environmental media by businesses in recent years is an example of how outsiders understand what the fundamental needs of the people are. The purpose of this study is to better understand what are the underlining messages about nature in advertisement. In addition, the research also continues previous research about green advertisements. A content analysis was conducted on two popular magazines amongst its respected audiences, Vogue and Forbes. Major findings of the research indicate the use of natural resources, the use of green imagery for businesses, and bottling nature as a main point of emphasis for advertisers.
“Azjen's Theory of Planned Behavior Applied to the Use of Social Networking by College Students”
Azjen’s Theory of Planned Behavior maintains that individual behavior is determined by behavioral intentions which are measured by an individual’s attitude toward a behavior, the subjective norms encasing the execution of the behavior, and the individual’s perception of their control over the behavior. Azjen’s theory has been used to predict a wide range of behaviors from academic misconduct to gambling. The purpose of this study is to assess the effectiveness of the Theory of Planned Behavior in predicting college students’ use of social networking sites. The hypotheses are that (1) a factor analysis will show that each component’s questions will correlate with themselves, (2) the use of social networking will be positively correlated with the probability of helping behaviors, (3) the self directed intentions will predict the self directed behaviors, and (4) the self directed intentions will correlate with the helping behaviors in the hypothetical situation questions.
“Richard III and the Dark Age Myths”
The Dark Ages are not the Middle Ages or any true period or era of history. They are the “Mythical Middle Ages,” a fictional period of history constructed by post-medieval writers ranging from the Renaissance to the present. Like all myth, the myth of the Dark Ages is a myth that is a combination of fiction and half-truth that forms part of an ideology. Some aspects of the Dark Age myth are more undoubtedly fictional than others, such as the legend of witches and dragons. Other aspects of the Dark Age myth are clearly more based on truth, but a truth that is often over-elaborated and emphasized, such as the incidents of leprosy, medieval warfare, and torture. My thesis topic will investigate the myths of the Dark Ages in William Shakespeare’s play Richard III, which is filled with Dark Age myths. I will be investigating the myths of corrupt kings, spells, and prophecies, and medieval grotesqueness, some of the strongest myths in Shakespeare's Richard III.
“What Not to Do: Learning by Example in Plato's Republic and Swift's Gulliver's Travels”
Both Republic and Gulliver’s Travels propose examples for societies that appear to be on the brink of perfection, yet they both eventually point out how most of these societies profoundly fail in one way or another. Nevertheless, both books do not discard the final idealized societies proposed. Is the reader really to believe that the final states described in these texts should be free of error, when all others have been deconstructed as mere illusions of perfection? It would be a mistake to make this assumption because a careful reader will be plagued with problems if he or she attempts to leave these worlds created by Plato and Swift believing that they were meant to stand as plain examples of perfection; the point seems to be that the reader should have developed the tools to see the flaws in the logic of these supposedly perfected societies by reading about the imperfect examples that preceded them. Moreover, the inter-textual relationship between the two works is most likely not coincidental. Swift seems acutely aware of and repeatedly harnesses the lessons of what not to do from Republic in Gulliver’s Travels.
“The Effects of Exogenous Auxin on Cellular Expansion and Elongation of the Hypocotyl of Arabidopsis thaliana mutant 2B-3”
Auxin is a major hormone that regulates plant growth and development specifically controlling cell division, differentiation, and expansion. Although in recent decades much progress has been made in elucidating the biosynthesis, transport and signaling pathways involved in auxin action, further research is necessary to fully understand these mechanisms. The Small Auxin Up RNA (SAUR) gene family is known to be highly induced by auxin. This gene family consists of over 70 genes in Arabidopsis. While the functions of these genes are unknown, many of the encoded SAUR proteins contain a putative calmodulin binding domain suggesting that their functions may be regulated through Ca2+/calmodulin activity in the cell. In this study, we over-expressed one of the SAUR genes in Arabidopsis using the CaMV35S promoter. The transgenic lines (2B-3) over expressing the SAUR gene exhibited longer hypocotyls compared to wild type. We tested the effects of different concentrations of synthetic auxin naphalene acetic acid (1-NAA) on the cell expansion and elongation of the hypocotyl in Arabidopsis thaliana mutant 2B-3. Overall, the results obtained in this experiment implicate that the elongated hypocotyls in 2B-3 transgenic line are due to a combination of increased cell length and cell number. Treatment of 2B-3 with exogenous 1-NAA had a minimal effect on cell length, but increased the cell width while decreasing the total cell number in hypocotyls of both wild type and transgenic line. Our data suggests that this SAUR gene may be involved in regulating cell division and cell expansion in Arabidopsis.