My active research interests include Stone Age archaeology of Sub-Saharan Africa, Paleoindian-Archaic and Southern Plains archaeology in the US, Hunter-gatherer foraging theory and Technological organization, Geoarchaeology, and Paleoenvironments.
Currently Dr. James Brink (National Museum, Bloemfontein) and I are co-excavating Middle and Later Stone Age sites at Baden-Baden and Erfkroon in South Africa. This research has been funded by the National Science Foundation, the Leakey Foundation, the National Museum and Texas State University. I am also working with Garth Sampson to convert the NSF-funded Zeekoe Valley Survey data from South Africa into GIS format. The Bureau of Land Management has supported our field school excavations at Antelope Creek homesteads on the Cross Bar Ranch and NPS has funded research at the Alibates Quarries, both in the Texas Panhandle.
I co-chair the Anthropology Section for the Texas Academy of Science and I served as the 2011 President of the Texas Archeological Society. I am also a Honorary Research Fellow in the School of Geography, Archaeology and Environmental Studies at the University of the Witwatersrand in South Africa (http://www.wits.ac.za/academic/science/geography/5527/home.html). I also serve as Associate Dean for Research in the College of Liberal Arts (http://www.liberalarts.txstate.edu/).
My recent publications are listed below:
Selected Recent Publications
C. B. Bousman and B. Vierra (eds.) 2012 From the Pleistocene to the Holocene: Human Organization and Cultural Transformations in Prehistoric North America. Texas A&M University Press. (http://www.tamupress.com/product/From-the-Pleistocene-to-the-Holocene,7150.aspx)
C. Britt Bousman and Bradley Vierra 2012 Chronology, Environmental Setting and Views of the Terminal Pleistocene and Early Holocene Cultural Transitions in North America. In: From the Pleistocene to the Holocene: Human Organization and Cultural Transformations in Prehistoric North America, C. B. Bousman and B. Vierra (eds.), pp. 1-15. Texas A&M University Press.
C. Britt Bousman and Eric Oksanen 2012 The Protoarchaic in Central Texas and surrounding areas. In: From the Pleistocene to the Holocene: Human Organization and Cultural Transformations in Prehistoric North America, C. B. Bousman and B. Vierra (eds.), pp. 197-232. Texas A&M University Press.
James S. Brink, Andy I.R. Herries, Jacopo Moggi-Cecchi, John A.J. Gowlett, C. Britt Bousman, John Hancox, Rainer Grün, Vera Eisenmann, and Lloyd Rossouw2012 First hominine remains from a 1.07-0.99 Ma hyaena accumulation at Cornelia-Uitzoek, Free State Province, South Africa. Journal of Human Evolution 63:527-535.
Louis Scott, Frank Neumann, George Brook, Britt Bousman and E. Norström, 2012 Terrestrial fossil-pollen evidence of vegetation and climate change during the last 26 ka in Southern Africa. Quaternary Science Reviews 32:100-118.
Michael B. Collins, David M. Yelacic and C. Britt Bousman 2011 “Realms,” A Look at Paleoclimate and Projectile Points in Texas. Bulletin of the Texas Archeological Society 82:3-30.
Frank Nuemann, Louis Scott, Britt Bousman, and Leisl van As 2010 A Holocene pollen sequence and vegetation changes at Lake Eteza, KwaZulu-Natal (South Africa). Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology 162:39-53.
Other Significant Publications
Louis Scott, C. Britt Bousman, and Makisang Nyakale 2005 Holocene pollen from swamp, cave, and hyrax dung deposits at Blydefontein (Kikvorsberge), Karoo, South Africa.Quaternary International 129:1:49-59.
C. Britt Bousman 2005 Coping with risk: Later Stone Age hunter-gatherers at Blydefontein Rock Shelter. Journal of Anthropological Archaeology 24:193-226.
C. Britt Bousman, Barry W. Baker, and Anne C. Kerr 2004 Paleoindian archeology in Texas. In: The Prehistory of Texas, T. Perttula (editor), pp 15-97. Texas A&M University Press.
C. Britt Bousman, Michael B. Collins, Paul Goldberg, Thomas Stafford, Jan Guy, Barry W. Baker, D. Gentry Steele, Marvin Kay, Glen Fredlund, Phil Dering, Susan Dial, Vance Holliday, Diane Wilson, Paul Takac, Robin Balinsky, Marilyn Masson, and Joseph F. Powell 2002 The Paleoindian-Archaic transition: new evidence from Texas. Antiquity 76:980-990.
C. Britt Bousman1998 The chronological evidence for the introduction of domestic stock into southern Africa. African Archaeological Review 15:133-150.
C. Britt Bousman1998 Paleoenvironmental change in Central Texas: the palynological evidence. Plains Anthropologist 43:201-219.
Britt Bousman and Louis Scott 1994 Climate or overgrazing?: the palynological evidence for vegetation change in the eastern Karoo. South African Journal of Science 90:575-578.
C. Britt Bousman 1993 Hunter-gatherer adaptations, economic risk, and tool design. Lithic Technology 18:1&2: 59-86.
Louis Scott and Britt Bousman 1990 Palynological analysis of hyrax middens from southern Africa. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology 76: 367-379.
C. Britt Bousman 1988 Prehistoric settlement patterns in the Senqunyane Valley, Lesotho. South African Archaeological Bulletin 43: 33-37.
Robert J. Selden and C. Britt Bousman 2009 U.S. CRM Case Law Database 1906-2009. http://www.thc.state.tx.us/archeology/aaresource.shtml
Recent Organized Symposia and Workshops
2011 Texas State Lithic Workshop taught by Chris Ringstaff, sponsored by the Dept. of Anthropology, Center for Archaeological Studies and Gault Project, Texas State University-San Marcos.
2008 New Views on Ancient Africa: Papers in Honor of C. Garth Sampson, co-organizers: Britt Bousman and Tom Minichillo, Society for American Archaeology, Vancouver.
2012 The Middle and Late Pleistocene Alluvial Terraces with Middle and Later Stone Age occupations in the Modder River Valley, South Africa. Holly Meier, Britt Bousman, James Brink, Mark Bateman, Gary Trower Rainer Grün, Lloyd Rossouw, Daryl Codron, Christopher Bronk Ramsey, and Louis Scott; Geological Society of America, Charlotte, North Carolina, November.
2012 Abrupt eco-climate transitions during pre-Clovis occupation along the Gulf Coastal Plain of Texas. Lee Nordt, Michael Waters, Steve Foreman, Steven Driese, Britt Bousman; Geological Society of America, Charlotte, North Carolina, November.
2012 Unraveling the Paleoindian/Archaic transition: Krieger’s Protoarchaic Period Revived. Britt Bousman; Texas Archeological Society, Tyler, October.
2012 Spatial Dynamics of U.S. Cultural Resource Law. Robert Z. Selden and C. Britt Bousman; Texas Archeological Society, Tyler, October.
2012 The Middle and Late Pleistocene Palaeoenvironment of the Modder River Valley, South Africa. Mark Bateman, Britt Bousman, James Brink, Holly Meier, Gary Trower Rainer Grün, Lloyd Rossouw, Daryl Codron, Senna Thornton-Barnett, Christopher Bronk Ramsey, Stephen Tooth, and Louis Scott; Southern African Society for Quaternary Research, Gobabeb, Namibia, September.
2012 Baden-Baden—a Smithfield Antelope Processing Site in the western Free State, South Africa. Britt Bousman and James Brink. Society of Africanist Archaeologists, Toronto, June.
2012 Human Adaptations and Paleoecology during the Middle and Late Pleistocene in the Modder River Valley, South Africa. Britt Bousman, James Brink, Mark Bateman, Holly Meier, Gary Trower, Rainer Grün, Lloyd Rossouw, Daryl Codron, Senna Thornton-Barnett, Christopher Bronk Ramsey, Stephen Tooth, Louis Scott, and Chris Ringstaff. Paleoanthropology Society Meeting, Memphis, April.
2012 Analysis of Quarrying Behavior at Alibates Flint Mines. Britt Bousman, Bob Wishoff, Chris Davis and Paul Katz. Texas Academy of Science, Alpine, March.
2011 “Realms,” A Look at Paleoclimate and Projectile Points in Texas, Michael B. Collins, David M. Yelacic and C. Britt Bousman. Texas Archeological Society Meeting, Fort Worth, October.
2011 Results of the Alibates Flint Quarries Resurvey Project. Britt Bousman, Chris R. L. Davis, I. Robert Wishoff, Paul Katz and Charles Swenson. Texas Archeological Society Meeting, Fort Worth, October.
2011 The post-1.0 Ma evolution of large mammal endemism in southern Africa in relation to East Africa and subsequent biogeographic isolation of the Cape coastal region. James Brink, Rainer Grün, Andrew Herries, John Gowlett and Britt Bousman. INQUA, Bern, Switzerland, July.
2011 Terrestrial evidence of vegetation and climate change during the last 30 ka in Southern Africa: the fossil pollen data. Louis Scott, Frank Neumann, George Brook, Britt Bousman and E. Norström. INQUA, Bern, Switzerland, July.
2011 The Paleoindian/Archaic transition in Texas. Britt Bousman. Texas Academy of Texas Annual Meeting, St. Edwards University, Austin, March.
2010 Middle and Later Stone Age Occupations dating to Marine Isotope Stage 2-4 at Erfkroon, South Africa. Britt Bousman, James Brink, Stephen Tooth, Rainer Grün, Senna Thornton-Barnett and Marisol Espino. Paleoanthropology Society Annual Meeting, St Louis, April.
2010 A Holocene sequence of vegetation change at Lake Eteza, coastal KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa. Frank H. Neumann, Louis Scott, C. B. Bousman. Palaeontological Society of Southern Africa, Howlick, October.
2010 Middle and Later Stone Age Occupations dating to Marine Isotope Stage 2-4 at Erfkroon, South Africa. Britt Bousman, James Brink, Stephen Tooth, Rainer Grün, Senna Thornton-Barnett and Marisol Espino. Texas Academy of Science, Stephenville, March.
2010 Recalibration survey of available quarry pit location data at the Alibates Quarries. National Park Service, $5,192.
2009 Excavation of Middle and Later Stone Age Sites at Erfkroon, South Africa, National Science Foundation, $105,260.
Chaired MA and BA Theses at Texas State
Chris Davis in progress, 1st year, thesis to be determined.
Molly Palmison in progress, 1st year, thesis to be determined.
Jennifer Anderson in progress Angostura occupations in Central Texas, MA Thesis.
Jennifer Gandy in progress A quantified analysis of lithic debitage from the Pre-Clovis and Clovis occupations at the Gault Site, Bell County, Texas, MA Thesis.
Jacob Hooge in progress Underwater Geoarchaeological Research at Spring Lake, San Marcos. MA Thesis.
Anna Gilmer in progress Geoarchaeological Investigations of Natural Site Formation Processes at the Gault Site, a Paleoindian and Pre-Clovis site in Bell County Texas. MA Thesis.
Haley Rush in progress Faunal Analysis at the Rowe Valley Site, 41WM437, Williamson County, Texas. MA Thesis.
Senna Thornton-Barnett in progress An ethnobotanical approach to the identification of archaeologically significant plants in the Free State, South Africa. MA Thesis.
Josh Heffner 2011 Subsistence, technology, and site use through time at 41HY160, the Tee Box Six Locale. MA Thesis, Texas State University.
Ken Lawrence 2010 A Recalibrated Chronological Framework for Texas Archaeology-Geoarchaeology. MA Thesis, Texas State University.
Ira Wishoff 2010 An analysis of quarrying behavior at Alibates Flint Quarries National Monument, Fritch Texas. MA Thesis, Texas State University.
Stephen Schooler 2009 Trace element analysis of Spanish, French and Native American musket balls from colonial era sites in Texas. MA Thesis, Texas State University.
Robert Z. Seldon 2008 The legal basis for cultural resource management: the case law. B.A. Honors Thesis, Texas State University.
Eric Oksanen 2008 Archaeological investigations at the Ice House Site 41HY161: a revaluation of Early Archaic technology, subsistence, and settlement along the Balcones Escarpment and Central Texas. MA Thesis, Texas State University.
Luis Alvarado 2008 Ochoa Indented Brownware: Late Prehistoric ceramic production in the Southern Plains. MA Thesis, Texas State University.
Greg LaBudde 2008 Interchangeability in the organization of Archaic projectile technology: examples from the northern Chihuahuan Desert. MA Thesis, Texas State University.
Deirdre Aery 2007 Technological organization at the Spring Lake Site (41HY160): the 2001, 2002, 2003 and 2006 excavations. MA Thesis, Texas State University.
Holly Meier 2007 Antelope Creek Ceramics: an INAA comparison. MA Thesis, Texas State University.
Laura Acuña 2006 The economic contribution of root foods and other geophytes in prehistoric Texas. MA Thesis, Texas State University.
Abby Weinstein 2005 Investigations at an Antelope Creek phase isolated homestead (41PT109). MA Thesis, Texas State University.
Currently I teach a number of undergraduate and graduate courses in the Anthropology Department that are listed below
World Prehistory—ANTH 3306
The Origin and Evolution of Human Behavior—ANTH 3316
History of Anthropological Thought—ANTH 4310 (team taught)
Archaeological Field School—ANTH 4630
Anthropological Statistics—ANTH 5305
Archaeological Seminar—ANTH 5313
Archaeological Artifact Identification and Analysis—ANTH 5315
The Origin and Evolution of Human Behavior—ANTH 5316